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Proceedings Paper • Open Access

Neurophotonic strategies for observing and controlling neural circuits (Conference Presentation)
Author(s): Edward S. Boyden

Paper Abstract

To enable the understanding and repair of complex biological systems such as the brain, we are creating novel optical tools that enable molecular-resolution maps of large scale systems, as well as technologies for observing and controlling high-speed physiological dynamics in such systems. First, we have developed a method for imaging large 3-D specimens with nanoscale precision, by embedding them in a swellable polymer, homogenizing their mechanical properties, and exposing them to water - which causes them to expand isotropically manyfold. This method, which we call expansion microscopy (ExM), enables scalable, inexpensive diffraction-limited microscopes to do large-volume nanoscopy, in a multiplexed fashion. Second, we have developed a set of genetically-encoded reagents, known as optogenetic tools, that when expressed in specific neurons, enable their electrical activities to be precisely driven or silenced in response to millisecond timescale pulses of light. Finally, we are developing novel reagents and systems to enable the imaging of fast physiological processes in 3-D with millisecond precision. In this way we aim to enable the systematic mapping, control, and dynamical observation of complex biological systems like the brain.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 November 2018
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Proc. SPIE 10482, Optogenetics and Optical Manipulation 2018, 1048202 (21 November 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2319234
Show Author Affiliations
Edward S. Boyden, MIT Media Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10482:
Optogenetics and Optical Manipulation 2018
Samarendra K. Mohanty; Nitish V. Thakor; E. Duco Jansen, Editor(s)

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