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Proceedings Paper

Tunable functional magnetic skyrmions at room temperature (Conference Presentation)

Paper Abstract

I will present a platform for functional sub-50 nm room temperature magnetic skyrmions. Multilayers of Ir/Fe(x)/Co(y)/Pt enable us tailor the magnetic interactions governing skyrmion properties, thereby tuning their thermodynamic stability parameter by an order of magnitude. The skyrmions exhibit a smooth crossover between isolated (metastable) and disordered lattice configurations across samples, while their size and density can be tuned by factors of 2 and 10 respectively. For a systematic investigation of the magnetization dynamics, we determined the damping parameter characterizing the magnetization response, and identified a gyrotropic skyrmion excitation that persists over a wide range of temperatures and across varying sample compositions. Importantly, the skyrmion excitation spectrum is demonstrably renormalized by the interplay of interlayer and interfacial magnetic interactions. To tailor the phenomenology of nanoscale skyrmions, including topological stability and malleability we also studied the formation and evolution of skyrmions at zero field through confinement effects. Notably, confinement-induced stabilization of room temperature skyrmions at zero field in nanodots is found to occur over a wide range of magnetic and geometric parameters. The zero-field skyrmion size can be as small as 50 nm, and varies by a factor of 4 with dot size and magnetic parameters. Crucially, skyrmions with varying thermodynamic stability exhibit markedly different confinement phenomenologies. Through these studies, I will discuss quantifiable insights towards understanding skyrmion stability and dynamics in multilayers, and immediate directions for exploiting their properties in nanoscale devices.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 September 2018
Proc. SPIE 10732, Spintronics XI, 1073231 (18 September 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2318779
Show Author Affiliations
Christos Panagopoulos, Nanyang Technological Univ. (Singapore)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10732:
Spintronics XI
Henri-Jean Drouhin; Jean-Eric Wegrowe; Manijeh Razeghi; Henri Jaffrès, Editor(s)

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