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Proceedings Paper

Nanoparticle-neural stem cells for targeted ovarian cancer treatment: optimization of silica nanoparticles for efficient drug loading
Author(s): Z. Patel; J. Berlin; W. Abidi
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Paper Abstract

One of the drugs used to treat ovarian cancer is cisplatin. However, cisplatin kills normal surrounding tissue in addition to cancer cells. To improve tumor targeting efficiency, our lab uses neural stem cells (NSCs), which migrate directly to ovarian tumors. If free cisplatin is loaded into NSCs for targeted drug delivery, it will kill the NSCs. To prevent the drug cisplatin from killing both the NSCs and normal surrounding tissue, our lab synthesizes silica nanoparticles (SiNPs) that act as a protective carrier. The big picture here is to maximize efficiency of tumor targeting using NSCs and minimize toxicity to these NSCs using SiNPs. The goal of this project is to optimize the stability of SiNPs, which is important for efficient drug loading.

To do this, the concentration of tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS), one of the main components of SiNPs, was varied. We hypothesized that more TEOS equates to more stable SiNPs because TEOS contributes carbon to SiNPs, and thus a tightly-packed chemical structure results in a stable particle. Then, the stability of the SiNPs were checked in cell media and phosphate buffered saline (PBS). Lastly, the SiNPs were analyzed for their porosity using the transmission electron microscope (TEM).

TEM imaging showed white spots in the 200-800 μL TEOS batches and no white spots in the 1000-1800 μL TEOS batches. The white spots were pores, which indicate instability.

We concluded that the ultimate factor that determines the stability of SiNPs (100 nm) is the concentration of organic substance.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 February 2018
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 10507, Colloidal Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications XIII, 105071B (23 February 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2316599
Show Author Affiliations
Z. Patel, Troy High School (United States)
J. Berlin, City of Hope Beckman Research Institute (United States)
W. Abidi, City of Hope Beckman Research Institute (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10507:
Colloidal Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications XIII
Marek Osiński; Wolfgang J. Parak; Xing-Jie Liang, Editor(s)

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