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Proceedings Paper • Open Access

Studying CO2 from plant respiration in controlled and natural environment: How can plant breeding industry benefit from it? (Conference Presentation)
Author(s): Magda Mandic; Mehmet Senbayram; Christoph Bauer; Nadine Ruehr; Jelka Braden-Behrens

Paper Abstract

Looking at the global demand for feed crops it is predicted to increase almost double by 2050 due to growing world population (Foley et al., 2011). Considering the increase in global temperature and water scarcity, crops in the future need to be more water and nutrient use efficient to sustain food security. Photosynthesis or net canopy CO2 exchange is one of the driving forces of crop yield formation. Since most commercially available equipment have been designed for single leaf measurements, photosynthesis at a leaf level has been studied more intensively than canopy photosynthesis. Leaf photosynthesis measurements are often poorly correlated with crop yield, whereas whole plant (canopy) photosynthesis measurements correlate well with crop yield (Kim et al., 2006). Whole canopy measurements bypass the problem of finding a representative leaf and give information about the whole plant physiology and other plant physiological processes. In addition to canopy photosynthesis measurements, non-destructive approaches such as stable isotope measurements via online lasers are excellent tools to study the efficiency in transpiration and photosynthesis in crop plants (Senbayram et al., 2015). Here we show different applications of the the Thermo Scientific™ Delta Ray™ Isotope Ratio Infrared Spectrometer (IRIS) to investigate processes related to photosynthesis and respiration in various ecosystems on scales ranging from the whole plant to the whole ecosystem. With the aim to monitor photosynthesis and plant respiration Delta Ray was deployed also in the automated chamber program. Because several plant chambers were measured in sequence, electrical trigger signals allowed synchronizing the Delta Ray with the automated chamber program. In the field project different locations were monitored by time constructed sequence, allowing system to change to different locations every 30 minutes. The Delta Ray analyzer can be easily integrated in gas exchange experiments to measure the δ13C and δ18O in CO2 of one or several plant chambers sequentially. This results in a high-resolution dataset of plant gas exchange and its isotopic signature, which allows to identify short-term and long-term changes in plant metabolism.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 May 2018
Proc. SPIE 10664, Autonomous Air and Ground Sensing Systems for Agricultural Optimization and Phenotyping III, 1066408 (15 May 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2315601
Show Author Affiliations
Magda Mandic, Thermo Fisher Scientific (Germany)
Mehmet Senbayram, Institute of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, Univ. of Harran (Turkey)
Christoph Bauer, KWS SAAT SE (Germany)
Nadine Ruehr, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research (Germany)
Jelka Braden-Behrens, Faculty of Forest Science and Forest Ecology, Georg-August Univ. Göttingen; Bioclimatology (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10664:
Autonomous Air and Ground Sensing Systems for Agricultural Optimization and Phenotyping III
J. Alex Thomasson; Mac McKee; Robert J. Moorhead, Editor(s)

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