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Proceedings Paper

The spectral response of X-ray CCDs in the energy band around Si-K edge: a solution to the Si-K edge problem for the XIS onboard Suzaku
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Paper Abstract

X-ray Imaging Spectrometers (XIS) are the X-ray CCD cameras onboard Suzaku. They were operated in orbit from 2005 to 2015 and produced lots of findings with their good energy resolution and low non X-rat background. Precise calibration including the 10 eV accuracy in the energy scale reinforced them. Nevertheless, there has been a unresolved calibration issue in the spectral response around the Si-K edge (1.839 keV) appearing as systematic residuals up to 10%. The residual is negative peaking at 1.85 keV in the front illuminated (FI) sensors and positive peaking at 1.8 keV in the back illuminated (BI) sensor for X-ray sources dominated by continuum X-ray emission. Various attempts to eliminate these residuals by changing response parameters or quantum efficiency models have been insufficient. In this paper, we revisit this problem by focusing on the relation between incident X-ray energy and pulse height. We introduce a jump in that relation at the Si-K edge by modifying the , and optimize its value so as to minimize the residuals in the fit of the X-ray spectra for the black hole binary LMC X-3, a source dominated by continuum emission. We find the introduction of a jump significantly reduces the residuals. The optimized jump values are +4:2 channel, +4:0 channel, and -3:1 channel, corresponding to 15.3 eV, -11:3 eV, and 14.6 eV, for XIS0, XIS3 (FI), and XIS1 (BI), respectively. The direction of the jump is opposite for the FI and for the BI. We revise the response matrices generator so as to include the jump for each XIS sensor, and apply it to the X-ray spectra of the Perseus cluster of galaxies which has various emission lines in the spectra, and the blazar PKS2155-304 which was observed various epoch in the Suzakuoperation. We confirm the residuals are significantly reduced for these sources, too. We finally suggest the jump at Si-K edge in the energy and pulse height relation is qualitatively explained, if some of charges are lost in course of charger collection to the electrode of the CCD in the depletion later, and its amount is large for larger travel length in the depletion layer. If this explanation is correct, the Si-K edge problem and its solution presented in this paper is not specific only for the SuzakuXIS but also for other X-ray CCDs.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 July 2018
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 10709, High Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy VIII, 107091F (20 July 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2314259
Show Author Affiliations
Koki Okazaki, Osaka Univ. (Japan)
Kiyoshi Hayashida, Osaka Univ. (Japan)
Hiroshi Nakajima, Osaka Univ. (Japan)
Riku Shomura, Osaka Univ. (Japan)
Tomokage Yoneyama, Osaka Univ. (Japan)
Hironori Matsumoto, Osaka Univ. (Japan)
Hiroshi Tsunemi, Osaka Univ. (Japan)
Koji Mori, Univ. of Miyazaki (Japan)
Masahiro Tsujimoto, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (Japan)
Yoshitomo Maeda, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (Japan)
Ken Ebisawa, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10709:
High Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy VIII
Andrew D. Holland; James Beletic, Editor(s)

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