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Proceedings Paper

Super-resolution quantum imaging at the Heisenberg limit (Conference Presentation)
Author(s): Bänz Bessire; Manuel Unternährer; Leonardo Gasparini; Majid Zarghami; Matteo Perenzoni; André Stefanov

Paper Abstract

The method of optical centroid measurement (OCM) has shown to exhibit spatial super-resolution with enhancements at the Heisenberg limit in plane wave interference experiments. In this work, the OCM method is for the first time used in an imaging setting where actual object features are observed. The OCM result is rederived in a near-field imaging formalism for a general imaging system and in full 2-D treatment. Analogies to coherent and incoherent imaging are shown Moreover, coherent OCM imaging is experimentally implemented for photon number N = 2, where an experimental setup is presented which allows to generate the desired entangled two-photon state containing the super-resolved image. This state is then imaged by an imaging system with a finite resolution defined by its point spread function (PSF). The centroid measurement of the two-photon states delivers then an image with a width of the PSF reduced by a factor 2 corresponding to the Heisenberg limit. In the experiment, the object is illuminated by a continuous-wave pump laser centred at 405nm with an output power of 30mW. A 4-f lens system images the object to the state preparation output plane. In the far-field plane between the lenses, a 5mm long periodically poled KTiOPO4 non-linear crystal generates photon pairs at 810nm by type-0, frequency-degenerate and collinear spontaneous parametric down-conversion. This generated OCM state is then imaged by a single lens and detected in coincidence by a fully digital 2-D sensor array with single-photon sensitivity and per-pixel sub-nanosecond time resolution. The OCM state is spectrally filtered at 810nm. Its imaging capability is compared to classical light sources including spatially coherent, monochromatic illumination at 405nm and 810 nm, as well as spatially incoherent light at 810 nm. The former is implemented using collimated lasers, the latter is a thermal light source spectrally filtered at 810 nm. The PSF of the different light sources are compared at low numerical aperture by imaging a focal point of 25μm Gaussian waist radius.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 May 2018
Proc. SPIE 10674, Quantum Technologies 2018, 106740F (29 May 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2309773
Show Author Affiliations
Bänz Bessire, Univ. Bern (Switzerland)
Manuel Unternährer, Univ. Bern (Switzerland)
Leonardo Gasparini, Fondazione Bruno Kessler (Italy)
Majid Zarghami, Fondazione Bruno Kessler (Italy)
Matteo Perenzoni, Fondazione Bruno Kessler (Italy)
André Stefanov, Univ. Bern (Switzerland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10674:
Quantum Technologies 2018
Jürgen Stuhler; Andrew J. Shields; Miles J. Padgett, Editor(s)

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