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Proceedings Paper • Open Access

Optical design constrains in triangular Sagnac imaging interferometers for earth observation
Author(s): A. Barducci; D. Guzzi; C. Lastri; V. Nardino; I. Pippi

Paper Abstract

The Italian Space Agency selected the imaging interferometer ALISEO (Aerospace Leap-frog Imaging Stationary interferometer for Earth Observation) as the main payload for a technological optical mission based on the small satellite MIOsat. The simple design of such an instrument, based on Sagnac configuration, makes it a promising for Earth observation missions.

The ALISEO instrument acquires an image of 10 Km by 10 Km with a spatial resolution better than 10 m and a spectral resolution of 200 cm-1 (7 nm @ 0.6 μm) in the 0.4 – 1 μm spectral range.

ALISEO does not employ any moving part to generate the phase delays between the two interfering beams. The sensor acquires target images modulated by a pattern of autocorrelation functions of the energy coming from each scene pixel, and the resulting fringe pattern remains fixed with respect to the instrument’s field-of-view. The complete interferogram of each target location is retrieved by introducing a relative source-observer motion, which allows any image pixels to be observed under different viewing-angles corresponding to different Optical Path Differences (OPDs).

In this paper various optical configurations are analyzed in order to meet the mission requirements. Optical configurations are discussed taking into account: detector size, spatial resolution, and entrance pupil aperture. The proposed configurations should avoid vignetting, reduce geometric and chromatic aberrations, and comply with the size and weight constrains requested by space mission. Optical configurations, based on both refractive and reflective focusing elements, are presented and discussed. Finally, some properties pertaining to the selected Sagnac configuration are discussed in conjunction with spectral estimations and data processing.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 November 2017
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 10565, International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2010, 1056520 (20 November 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2309268
Show Author Affiliations
A. Barducci, Istituto di Fisica Applicata "Nello Carrara" (Italy)
D. Guzzi, Istituto di Fisica Applicata "Nello Carrara" (Italy)
C. Lastri, Istituto di Fisica Applicata "Nello Carrara" (Italy)
V. Nardino, Istituto di Fisica Applicata "Nello Carrara" (Italy)
I. Pippi, Istituto di Fisica Applicata "Nello Carrara", Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10565:
International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2010
Errico Armandillo; Bruno Cugny; Nikos Karafolas, Editor(s)

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