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Proceedings Paper • Open Access

Status of backthinned AlGaN based focal plane arrays for deep-UV imaging
Author(s): J.-L. Reverchon; G. Lehoucq; J.-P. Truffer; E. Costard; E. Frayssinet; F. Semond; J.-Y. Duboz; A. Giuliani; M. Réfrégiers; M. Idir

Paper Abstract

The achievement of deep ultraviolet (UV) focal plane arrays (FPA) is required for both solar physics [1] and micro electronics industry. The success of solar mission (SOHO, STEREO [2], SDO [3]…), has shown the accuracy of imaging at wavelengths from 10 nm to 140 nm to reveal effects occurring in the sun corona. Deep UV steppers at 13 nm are another demanding imaging technology for the microelectronic industry in terms of uniformity and stability. A third application concerns beam shaping of Synchrotron lines [4]. Consequently, such wavelengths are of prime importance whereas the vacuum UV wavelengths are very difficult to detect due to the dramatic interaction of light with materials.

The fast development of nitrides has given the opportunity to investigate AlGaN as a material for UV detection. Camera based on AlGaN present an intrinsic spectral selectivity and an extremely low dark current at room temperature. We have previously presented several FPA dedicated to deep UV based on 320 x 256 pixels of Schottky photodiodes with a pitch of 30 μm [4, 5]. AlGaN is grown on a silicon substrate instead of sapphire substrate only transparent down to 200 nm.

After a flip-chip hybridization, silicon substrate and AlGaN basal layer was removed by dry etching. Then, the spectral responsivity of the FPA presented a quantum efficiency (QE) from 5% to 20% from 50 nm to 290 nm when removing the highly doped contact layer via a selective wet etching. This FPA suffered from a low uniformity incompatible with imaging, and a long time response due to variations of conductivity in the honeycomb. We also observed a low rejection of visible. It is probably due to the same honeycomb conductivity enhancement for wavelength shorter than 360 nm, i.e., the band gap of GaN.

We will show hereafter an improved uniformity due to the use of a precisely ICP (Inductively Coupled Plasma) controlled process. The final membrane thickness is limited to the desertion layer. Neither access resistance limitation nor long response time are observed. QE varies from 5% at 50 nm to 15% at 6 nm (85% more when taking into account the filling factor). Consequently, we can propose prototypes concerning not only “solar blind” camera optimized for narrow band in the near UV range (between 280 nm and 260 nm), but also devices with spectral range extended in the deep UV (290 nm to 10 nm). Both detectors are available for an optical budget evaluation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 November 2017
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 10565, International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2010, 1056509 (20 November 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2309156
Show Author Affiliations
J.-L. Reverchon, Thales Research and Technology, III-V Lab. (France)
G. Lehoucq, Thales Research and Technology, III-V Lab. (France)
J.-P. Truffer, Thales Research and Technology, III-V Lab. (France)
E. Costard, Thales Research and Technology, III-V Lab. (France)
E. Frayssinet, CNRS-CRHEA (France)
F. Semond, CNRS-CRHEA (France)
J.-Y. Duboz, CNRS-CRHEA (France)
A. Giuliani, Synchrotron Soleil (France)
M. Réfrégiers, Synchrotron Soleil (France)
M. Idir, Synchrotron Soleil (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10565:
International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2010
Errico Armandillo; Bruno Cugny; Nikos Karafolas, Editor(s)

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