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Proceedings Paper • Open Access

Large micromirror array for multi-object spectroscopy in space
Author(s): Michael Canonica; Frédéric Zamkotsian; Patrick Lanzoni; Wilfried Noell

Paper Abstract

Multi-object spectroscopy (MOS) is a powerful tool for space and ground-based telescopes for the study of the formation and evolution of galaxies. This technique requires a programmable slit mask for astronomical object selection.

We are engaged in a European development of micromirror arrays (MMA) for generating reflective slit masks in future MOS, called MIRA. The 100 x 200 μm2 micromirrors are electrostatically tilted providing a precise angle. The main requirements are cryogenic environment capabilities, precise and uniform tilt angle over the whole device, uniformity of the mirror voltage-tilt hysteresis and a low mirror deformation.

A first MMA with single-crystal silicon micromirrors was successfully designed, fabricated and tested. A new generation of micromirror arrays composed of 2048 micromirrors (32 x 64) and modelled for individual addressing were fabricated using fusion and eutectic wafer-level bonding. These micromirrors without coating show a peak-to-valley deformation less than 10 nm, a tilt angle of 24° for an actuation voltage of 130 V. Individual addressing capability of each mirror has been demonstrated using a line-column algorithm based on an optimized voltage-tilt hysteresis. Devices are currently packaged, wire-bonded and integrated to a dedicated electronics to demonstrate the individual actuation of all micromirrors on an array. An operational test of this large array with gold coated mirrors has been done at cryogenic temperature (162 K): the micromirrors were actuated successfully before, during and after the cryogenic experiment. The micromirror surface deformation was measured at cryo and is below 30 nm peak-to-valley.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 November 2017
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 10564, International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2012, 105642O (20 November 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2309080
Show Author Affiliations
Michael Canonica, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (Switzerland)
Frédéric Zamkotsian, Lab. d'Astrophysique de Marseille (France)
Patrick Lanzoni, Lab. d'Astrophysique de Marseille (France)
Wilfried Noell, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (Switzerland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10564:
International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2012
Bruno Cugny; Errico Armandillo; Nikos Karafolas, Editor(s)

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