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Proceedings Paper

Weak value amplification of Geometric Spin Hall shift of light beam
Author(s): Mandira Pal; Antariksha Das; Sumit Goswami; Nirmalya Ghosh
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Paper Abstract

Geometric Spin Hall effect of light (SHEL) has attracted considerable attention because of the universality of this variant of the spin Hall shift and its independence on the light-matter interactions and materials properties. However, the magnitude of geometric SHEL is typically very small, in the sub-wavelength domain, making it difficult for direct experimental observation. Here, we have applied weak measurement schemes to amplify and faithfully observe the geometric SHEL. In our experiment, the input beam is pre-selected in linear polarization basis (p- or slinear polarization) and post selections are done at nearly orthogonal linear polarizations (small angle ϵ away from the exact orthogonal).This results in weak value amplification (~cotϵ) of the resulting shift of the beam centroid. Moreover, this process also leads to selective conversion of spatial to angular nature of geometric SHEL, which along with the weak value amplification leads to manifold amplification of the resulting SHEL, enabling its reliable experimental detection. A key feature of our weak measurement scheme is that both the weak perturbation (tiny geometric SHEL) and the post selection are done simultaneously by a single optical element, namely, a linear polarizer. The dependence of the weak value of the geometric SHEL on the pre and the post selection of polarization states in both linear and elliptical basis were also investigated in details. The specifics of the different weak measurement schemes, various intriguing experimental manifestations of the weak value amplified geometric SHEL, their analysis / interpretation via polarization operator based treatment of weak measurements is presented here.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 May 2018
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 10672, Nanophotonics VII, 106721P (4 May 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2306622
Show Author Affiliations
Mandira Pal, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata (India)
Antariksha Das, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata (India)
Sumit Goswami, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata (India)
Nirmalya Ghosh, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata (India)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10672:
Nanophotonics VII
David L. Andrews; Angus J. Bain; Jean-Michel Nunzi; Andreas Ostendorf, Editor(s)

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