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Proceedings Paper • Open Access

HVRM: a second generation ACE-FTS instrument concept
Author(s): Jean-François Lavigne; Martin Larouche; Fabien Dupont; Guillaume Girard; James Veilleux; Henry Buijs; Raphaël Desbiens; Gaétan Perron; Frédéric Grandmont; Simon Paradis; Louis Moreau; Hugo Bourque

Paper Abstract

The Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment Fourier Transform Spectrometer (ACE-FTS) is the main instrument on-board the SCISAT-1 satellite, a mission mainly supported by the Canadian Space Agency [1]. It is in Low- Earth Orbit at an altitude of 650 km with an inclination of 74E. Its data has been used to track the vertical profile of more than 30 atmospheric species in the high troposphere and in the stratosphere with the main goal of providing crucial information for the comprehension of chemical and physical processes controlling the ozone life cycle. These atmospheric species are detected using high-resolution (0.02 cm-1) spectra in the 750-4400 cm-1 spectral region. This leads to more than 170 000 spectral channels being acquired in the IR every two seconds. It also measures aerosols and clouds to reduce the uncertainty in their effects on the global energy balance. It is currently the only instrument providing such in-orbit high resolution measurements of the atmospheric chemistry and is often used by international scientists as a unique data set for climate understanding.

The satellite is in operation since 2003, exceeding its initially planned lifetime of 2 years by more than a factor of 5. Given its success, its usefulness and the uniqueness of the data it provides, the Canadian Space Agency has founded the development of technologies enabling the second generation of ACE-FTS instruments through the High Vertical Resolution Measurement (HVRM) project but is still waiting for the funding for a mission.

This project addresses three major improvements over the ACE-FTS. The first one aims at improving the vertical instantaneous field-of-view (iFoV) from 4.0 km to 1.5 km without affecting the SNR and temporal precision. The second aims at providing precise knowledge on the tangent height of the limb observation from an external method instead of that used in SCISAT-1 where the altitude is typically inferred from the monotonic CO2 concentration seen in the spectra. The last item pertains to reaching lower altitude down to 5 km for the retrieved gas species, an altitude at which the spectra are very crowded in terms of absorption. These objectives are attained through a series of modification in the optical train such as the inclusion of a field converter and a series of dedicated real-time and post-acquisition algorithms processing the Sun images as it hides behind the Earth. This paper presents the concepts, the prototypes that were made, their tests and the results obtained in this Technology Readiness Level (TRL) improvement project.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 November 2017
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 10563, International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2014, 1056345 (17 November 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2304247
Show Author Affiliations
Jean-François Lavigne, ABB (Canada)
Martin Larouche, ABB (Canada)
Fabien Dupont, ABB (Canada)
Guillaume Girard, ABB (Canada)
James Veilleux, ABB (Canada)
Henry Buijs, ABB (Canada)
Raphaël Desbiens, ABB (Canada)
Gaétan Perron, ABB (Canada)
Frédéric Grandmont, ABB (Canada)
Simon Paradis, ABB (Canada)
Louis Moreau, ABB (Canada)
Hugo Bourque, ABB (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10563:
International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2014
Zoran Sodnik; Bruno Cugny; Nikos Karafolas, Editor(s)

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