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Proceedings Paper • Open Access

Optical performance of the SO/PHI full disk telescope due to temperature gradients effect on the heat rejection entrance window
Author(s): D. Garranzo; A. Núñez; P. Zuluaga-Ramírez; J. Barandiarán; A. Fernández-Medina; T. Belenguer; A. Álvarez-Herrero

Paper Abstract

The Polarimetric Helioseismic Imager for Solar Orbiter (SO/PHI) is an instrument on board in the Solar Orbiter mission. The Full Disk Telescope (FDT) will have the capability of providing images of the solar disk in all orbital faces with an image quality diffraction-limited. The Heat Rejection Entrance Window (HREW) is the first optical element of the instrument. Its function is to protect the instrument by filtering most of the Solar Spectrum radiation. The HREW consists of two parallel-plane plates made from Suprasil and each surface has a coating with a different function: an UV shield coating, a low pass band filter coating, a high pass band filter coating and an IR shield coating, respectively.

The temperature gradient on the HREW during the mission produces a distortion of the transmitted wave-front due to the dependence of the refractive index with the temperature (thermo-optic effect) mainly. The purpose of this work is to determine the capability of the PHI/FDT refocusing system to compensate this distortion.

A thermal gradient profile has been considered for each surface of the plates and a thermal-elastic analysis has been done by Finite Element Analysis to determine the deformation of the optical elements. The Optical Path Difference (OPD) between the incident and transmitted wavefronts has been calculated as a function of the ray tracing and the thermo-optic effect on the optical properties of Suprasil (at the work wavelength of PHI) by means of mathematical algorithms based on the 3D Snell Law. The resultant wavefronts have been introduced in the optical design of the FDT to evaluate the performance degradation of the image at the scientific focal plane and to estimate the capability of the PHI refocusing system for maintaining the image quality diffraction-limited. The analysis has been carried out considering two different situations: thermal gradients due to on axis attitude of the instrument and thermal gradients due to 1° off pointing attitude. The effect over the boresight at the instrument focal plane has also been analyzed.

The results show that the effect of the FDT HREW thermal gradients on the FDT performance can be optically corrected. The influence of the thermal gradients on the system is also presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 November 2017
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 10563, International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2014, 105634T (17 November 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2304067
Show Author Affiliations
D. Garranzo, Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial (Spain)
A. Núñez, Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aerospacial (Spain)
P. Zuluaga-Ramírez, Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aerospacial (Spain)
J. Barandiarán, Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aerospacial (Spain)
A. Fernández-Medina, Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aerospacial (Spain)
T. Belenguer, Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial (Spain)
A. Álvarez-Herrero, Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial (Spain)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10563:
International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2014
Zoran Sodnik; Bruno Cugny; Nikos Karafolas, Editor(s)

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