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Proceedings Paper

Low-level laser treatment improves longstanding sensory aberrations in the inferior alveolar nerve following surgical trauma
Author(s): Shelley M. Khullar; P. Brodin; P. Barkvoll; H. R. Haanoes
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Paper Abstract

The incidence of inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) damage following removal of 3rd molar teeth or saggital split osteotomy has been reported as high as up to 5.5% and 100% respectively. Sensory aberrations in the IAN persisting for longer than 6 months leave some degree of permanent defect. Low level laser treatment (LLL) has a reported beneficial effect on regeneration of traumatically injured nerves. The purpose of this double blind clinical trial was to examine the effects of LLL using a GaAlAs laser (820 nm, Ronvig, Denmark) on touch and temperature sensory perception following a longstanding post surgical IAN injury. Thirteen patients were divided into two groups, one of which received real LLL (4 by 6 J per treatment along the distribution of the IAN to a total of 20 treatments during a time period between 36 - 69 days) and the other equivalent placebo LLL. The degree of mechanoreceptor injury as assessed by Semmes Weinstein Monofilaments (North Coast Medical, USA) were comparable in the two groups prior to treatment (p equals 0.9). Subsequent to LLL the real laser treatment group showed a significant improvement in mechanoreceptor sensory testing (p equals 0.01) as manifested by a decrease in load threshold (g) necessary to elicit a response from the most damaged area. The placebo LLL group showed no significant improvement, In addition, the real LLL group reported a subjective improvement in sensory function too. The degree of thermal sensitivity disability as assessed using a thermotester (Philips, Sweden) was comparable between the two groups prior to LLL p equals 0.5). However, there was no significant improvement in thermal sensitivity post LLL for either the real or placebo laser treated groups. In conclusion, GaAlAs LLL can improve mechanoreceptor perception in longstanding sensory aberration in the IAN.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 January 1996
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 2630, Effects of Low-Power Light on Biological Systems, (15 January 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.230031
Show Author Affiliations
Shelley M. Khullar, Univ. of Oslo (Norway)
P. Brodin, Univ. of Oslo (Norway)
P. Barkvoll, Univ. of Oslo (Norway)
H. R. Haanoes, Univ. of Oslo (Norway)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2630:
Effects of Low-Power Light on Biological Systems
Tiina I. Karu; Anthony R. Young, Editor(s)

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