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Proceedings Paper

Smart structures and intelligent materials for biomedical applications
Author(s): G. W. Hastings
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Paper Abstract

B iomaterials are defined as substances or combinations of substances, other thandrugs, synthetic or natural in origin, which can be used for any period of time, as a whole or asa part of a system which treats, augments, or replaces any tissue, organ or function of the body.There are in general terms two types of biomaterials, those which are 'inert', accepting that thisis not strictly possible in the way this is understood in chemistry, and those which are'bioactive'. In both cases there must be a degree of acceptance by the body, expressed as thebiocompatibility of the material, a very complex concept involving biochemical, cellular, andmechanical interactions between the implanted material and the living tissues. In most casesthere is a response to the implanted biomaterial from the organism and the control of this is oneof the major areas of research.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 May 1992
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 1777, First European Conference on Smart Structures and Materials, 177724 (1 May 1992); doi: 10.1117/12.2298099
Show Author Affiliations
G. W. Hastings, London Univ. IRC Biomedical Materials (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1777:
First European Conference on Smart Structures and Materials
Brian Culshaw; Peter T. Gardiner; Alaster McDonach, Editor(s)

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