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Proceedings Paper

Experimental evaluation of the influence of scattered radiation on quantitative spectral CT imaging
Author(s): Artur Sossin; Michal Rokni; Bernhard Brendel; Heiner Daerr; Axel Thran; Klaus Erhard
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Paper Abstract

With the emergence of energy-resolved x-ray photon counting detectors multi-material spectral x-ray imaging has been made possible. This form of imaging allows the discrimination and quantification of individual materials comprising an inspected anatomical area. However, the acquisition of quantitative material data puts strong requirements on the performance capabilities of a given x-ray system. Scattered radiation is one of the key sources of influencing the quality of material quantification accuracy. The aim of the present investigation was to assess the impact of x-ray scatter on quantitative spectral CT imaging using a pre-clinical photon counting scanner prototype. Acquisitions of a cylindrical phantom with and without scatter were performed. The phantom contained iodine and gadolinium inserts placed at various locations. The projection data was then decomposed onto a water-iodine-gadolinium material basis and reconstructed. An analysis of the resulting iodine and gadolinium material images with and without scatter was conducted. It was concluded that, at an SPR level of up to 3.5%, scatter does not compromise material quantification for all investigated gadolinium concentrations, but for iodine a substantial underestimation was observed. The findings in this study suggest that scatter has a lower impact on K-edge material imaging in comparison with material imaging not featuring a K-edge.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 March 2018
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 10573, Medical Imaging 2018: Physics of Medical Imaging, 105731B (9 March 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2293476
Show Author Affiliations
Artur Sossin, Philips Research (Germany)
Michal Rokni, Philips Healthcare (Israel)
Bernhard Brendel, Philips Research (Germany)
Heiner Daerr, Philips Research (Germany)
Axel Thran, Philips Research (Germany)
Klaus Erhard, Philips Research (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10573:
Medical Imaging 2018: Physics of Medical Imaging
Joseph Y. Lo; Taly Gilat Schmidt; Guang-Hong Chen, Editor(s)

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