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Proceedings Paper

Pneumothorax detection in chest radiographs using convolutional neural networks
Author(s): Aviel Blumenfeld; Eli Konen; Hayit Greenspan
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Paper Abstract

This study presents a computer assisted diagnosis system for the detection of pneumothorax (PTX) in chest radiographs based on a convolutional neural network (CNN) for pixel classification. Using a pixel classification approach allows utilization of the texture information in the local environment of each pixel while training a CNN model on millions of training patches extracted from a relatively small dataset. The proposed system uses a pre-processing step of lung field segmentation to overcome the large variability in the input images coming from a variety of imaging sources and protocols. Using a CNN classification, suspected pixel candidates are extracted within each lung segment. A postprocessing step follows to remove non-physiological suspected regions and noisy connected components. The overall percentage of suspected PTX area was used as a robust global decision for the presence of PTX in each lung. The system was trained on a set of 117 chest x-ray images with ground truth segmentations of the PTX regions. The system was tested on a set of 86 images and reached diagnosis accuracy of AUC=0.95. Overall preliminary results are promising and indicate the growing ability of CAD based systems to detect findings in medical imaging on a clinical level accuracy.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 February 2018
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 10575, Medical Imaging 2018: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 1057504 (27 February 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2292540
Show Author Affiliations
Aviel Blumenfeld, Tel Aviv Univ. (Israel)
Radlogics Ltd. (Israel)
Eli Konen, Sheba Medical Ctr. (Israel)
Hayit Greenspan, Tel Aviv Univ. (Israel)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10575:
Medical Imaging 2018: Computer-Aided Diagnosis
Nicholas Petrick; Kensaku Mori, Editor(s)

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