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Proceedings Paper

A versatile, C-band spanning, high repetition rate, cascaded four wave mixing based multi-wavelength source
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Paper Abstract

Demand for bandwidth in optical communications necessitates the development of scalable transceivers that cater to these needs. For this, in DWDM systems with/without Superchannels, the optical source needs to provide a large number of optical carriers. The conventional method of utilizing separate lasers makes the system bulky and inefficient. A multi-wavelength source which spans the entire C-band with sufficient power is needed to replace individual lasers. In addition, multi-wavelength sources at high repetition rates are necessary in various applications such as spectroscopy, astronomical spectrograph calibration, microwave photonics and arbitrary waveform generation. Here, we demonstrate a novel technique for equalized, multi-wavelength source generation which generates over 160 lines at 25GHz repetition rate, spanning the entire C-band with total power >700mW. A 25GHz Comb with 16 lines is generated around 1550nm starting with two individual lasers using a system of directly driven, cascaded intensity and phase modulators. This is then amplified to >1W using an optimized, Erbium-Ytterbium co-doped fiber amplifier. Subsequently, they are passed through Highly NonLinear Fiber at its zero-dispersion wavelength. Through cascaded Four Wave Mixing, a ten-fold increase in the number of lines is demonstrated. A bandwidth of 4.32 THz (174 lines, SNR>15 dB), covering the entire C-band is generated. Enhanced spectral broadening is enabled by two key aspects - Dual laser input provides the optimal temporal profile for spectral broadening while the comb generation prior to amplification enables greater power scaling by suppression of Brillouin scattering. The multi-wavelength source is extremely agile with tunable center frequency and repetition rate.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 February 2018
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 10516, Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion: Materials and Devices XVII, 105161K (15 February 2018);
Show Author Affiliations
B. S. Vikram, Indian Institute of Science (India)
Roopa Prakash, Indian Institute of Science (India)
Nagarjun K. P., Indian Institute of Science (India)
Shankar Kumar Selvaraja, Indian Institute of Science (India)
V. R. Supradeepa, Indian Institute of Science (India)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10516:
Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion: Materials and Devices XVII
Konstantin L. Vodopyanov; Kenneth L. Schepler, Editor(s)

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