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Proceedings Paper

Measuring the coral reef distribution of Kuroshima Island by satellite remote sensing
Author(s): Tadakuni Miyazaki; Yukihiro Nakatani; Akira Harashima
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Paper Abstract

Measuring the spectral signatures of under water coral reefs and mapping of coral reefs by satellite remote sensing are described. The spectral signatures of different species of the coral reefs were measured using a spectroradiometer off Kuroshima Island, Okinawa, Japan and investigated spectral difference between different species of the coral reefs. As well as the field experiments, laboratory experiments for measuring the spectral signatures of 9 different species of coral reefs were carried out with the same spectroradiometer. The spectral reflectance of each coral reef showed a significant result that a narrow absorption band exists in the spectral region between 66a0 and 680 nm, and very strong spectral reflectance from about 700 nm towards the longer wavelength range. On the other hand, absorption and the high reflectance region were not observed from the bottom sands or bare rocks underwater. These experiments suggest that there is a significant spectral difference between coral reefs and bottom sands or bare rocks and so the best spectral range for separating the coral reefs from other underwater objects in the ocean would be between 700 and 800 nm. As well as the basic spectral measurement either in the field or at the laboratory, SPOT satellite imageries were used to classify the underwater coral reefs. Classification methods used here were the principal component analysis, and the maximum likelihood. Finally, the evaluation of classification method for extracting the coral reefs was introduced.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 December 1995
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 2586, Global Process Monitoring and Remote Sensing of the Ocean and Sea Ice, (18 December 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.228628
Show Author Affiliations
Tadakuni Miyazaki, National Institute for Environmental Studies (Japan)
Yukihiro Nakatani, National Space Development Agency (Japan)
Akira Harashima, National Institute for Environmental Studies (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2586:
Global Process Monitoring and Remote Sensing of the Ocean and Sea Ice
Donald W. Deering; Preben Gudmandsen, Editor(s)

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