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Proceedings Paper

A robotic platform for laser welding of corneal tissue
Author(s): Francesca Rossi; Filippo Micheletti; Giada Magni; Roberto Pini; Luca Menabuoni; Fabio Leoni; Bernardo Magnani
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Paper Abstract

Robotic surgery is a reality in several surgical fields, such as in gastrointestinal surgery. In ophthalmic surgery the required high spatial precision is limiting the application of robotic system, and even if several attempts have been designed in the last 10 years, only some application in retinal surgery were tested in animal models. The combination of photonics and robotics can really open new frontiers in minimally invasive surgery, improving the precision, reducing tremor, amplifying scale of motion, and automating the procedure. In this manuscript we present the preliminary results in developing a vision guided robotic platform for laser-assisted anterior eye surgery. The robotic console is composed by a robotic arm equipped with an "end effector" designed to deliver laser light to the anterior corneal surface. The main intended application is for laser welding of corneal tissue in laser assisted penetrating keratoplasty and endothelial keratoplasty. The console is equipped with an integrated vision system. The experiment originates from a clear medical demand in order to improve the efficacy of different surgical procedures: when the prototype will be optimized, other surgical areas will be included in its application, such as neurosurgery, urology and spinal surgery.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 July 2017
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 10413, Novel Biophotonics Techniques and Applications IV, 104130B (28 July 2017);
Show Author Affiliations
Francesca Rossi, Istituto di Fisica Applicata "Nello Carrara", CNR (Italy)
Filippo Micheletti, Istituto di Fisica Applicata "Nello Carrara", CNR (Italy)
Giada Magni, Istituto di Fisica Applicata "Nello Carrara", CNR (Italy)
Roberto Pini, Istituto di Fisica Applicata "Nello Carrara", CNR (Italy)
Luca Menabuoni, Nuovo Ospedale S. Stefano (Italy)
Fabio Leoni, Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna (Italy)
Fastenica S.r.l. (Italy)
Bernardo Magnani, Ekymed S.r.l. (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10413:
Novel Biophotonics Techniques and Applications IV
Arjen Amelink, Editor(s)

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