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Proceedings Paper

Quantifying stimulus-response rehabilitation protocols by auditory feedback in Parkinson's disease gait pattern
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Paper Abstract

External auditory cues stimulate motor related areas of the brain, activating motor ways parallel to the basal ganglia circuits and providing a temporary pattern for gait. In effect, patients may re-learn motor skills mediated by compensatory neuroplasticity mechanisms. However, long term functional gains are dependent on the nature of the pathology, follow-up is usually limited and reinforcement by healthcare professionals is crucial. Aiming to cope with these challenges, several researches and device implementations provide auditory or visual stimulation to improve Parkinsonian gait pattern, inside and outside clinical scenarios. The current work presents a semiautomated strategy for spatio-temporal feature extraction to study the relations between auditory temporal stimulation and spatiotemporal gait response. A protocol for auditory stimulation was built to evaluate the integrability of the strategy in the clinic practice. The method was evaluated in transversal measurement with an exploratory group of people with Parkinson’s (n = 12 in stage 1, 2 and 3) and control subjects (n =6). The result showed a strong linear relation between auditory stimulation and cadence response in control subjects (R=0.98 ±0.008) and PD subject in stage 2 (R=0.95 ±0.03) and stage 3 (R=0.89 ±0.05). Normalized step length showed a variable response between low and high gait velocity (0.2> R >0.97). The correlation between normalized mean velocity and stimulus was strong in all PD stage 2 (R>0.96) PD stage 3 (R>0.84) and controls (R>0.91) for all experimental conditions. Among participants, the largest variation from baseline was found in PD subject in stage 3 (53.61 ±39.2 step/min, 0.12 ± 0.06 in step length and 0.33 ± 0.16 in mean velocity). In this group these values were higher than the own baseline. These variations are related with direct effect of metronome frequency on cadence and velocity. The variation of step length involves different regulation strategies and could need others specific external cues. In conclusion the current protocol (and their selected parameters, kind of sound time for training, step of variation, range of variation) provide a suitable gait facilitation method specially for patients with the highest gait disturbance (stage 2 and 3). The method should be adjusted for initial stages and evaluated in a rehabilitation program.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 November 2017
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 10572, 13th International Conference on Medical Information Processing and Analysis, 105720B (17 November 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2285975
Show Author Affiliations
Gustavo Pineda, Univ. Nacional de Colombia (Colombia)
Angélica Atehortúa, Univ. Nacional de Colombia (Colombia)
Marcela Iregui, Univ. Militar Neuva Granada (Colombia)
Juan D. García-Arteaga, Univ. Nacional de Colombia (Colombia)
Eduardo Romero, Univ. Nacional de Colombia (Colombia)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10572:
13th International Conference on Medical Information Processing and Analysis
Eduardo Romero; Natasha Lepore; Jorge Brieva; Juan David García, Editor(s)

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