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Proceedings Paper

The entangled photons generation in third order nonlinearity of spontaneous parametric down conversion by whispering gallery mode resonator
Author(s): Jingming Cao; Jolly Xiaver II
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Paper Abstract

We manipulated the simulation and apparatus to generate the entangled quantum photons by the enhanced higher quality factor in waveguide of whispering gallery mode resonator in silica microsphere. As the several nonlinear optics effects have been validated in micro-disk (lithium niobate materials based), others micro-cavity (microfiber and micro ring on the chip) and second harmonic generation (SHG) on the surface of silica microsphere because of the characterization of enhanced higher quality factor Q and smaller volume mode in these resonator. However until now for the second third nonlinearity of spontaneous parametric down conversion (SPDC), third order nonlinearity of spontaneous parametric down conversion (TOSPDC) and spontaneous four wave mixing (SFWM) in whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonator of silica microsphere rarely have not been fully investigated and verified to generate the triple and pair entangled photons where are widely applied on the applications of biosensor, quantum communications and spectroscopy, respectively. Specially, the features of silica microsphere have attracted many applications due to the simple fabrication, simplified materials melted by silica fiber. The work we demonstrated in this paper based on the breaking of the dispersion rules to make perfect phase matching in normal dispersion in silica microsphere depending on the blue laser spectrum in visible spectrum, then manipulated the modified size of microsphere to detune the pump laser of free spectral range (FSR) and both shift the geometrical dispersion are characterized in the variation of FSR given by (see PDF for equation), where n is refractive index, R is the microspheres radius and m is mode numbers in resonator, to compensate the materials dispersion given by (see PDF for equation), where c is the speed of light and λ is pump laser wavelength to fulfill the perfect phase matching in parametric down conversion regimes and the modeling fabrication coupling results also will be presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 October 2017
PDF: 23 pages
Proc. SPIE 10457, AOPC 2017: Laser Components, Systems, and Applications, 1045732 (25 October 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2285365
Show Author Affiliations
Jingming Cao, MAOT-The School of Advanced Optics and Technology (Germany)
Friedrich-Alexander-Univ. Erlangen-Nürnberg (Germany)
Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light (Germany)
Jolly Xiaver II, Friedrich-Alexander-Univ. Erlangen-Nürnberg (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10457:
AOPC 2017: Laser Components, Systems, and Applications
Shibin Jiang; Lijun Wang; Lan Jiang; Long Zhang, Editor(s)

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