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Proceedings Paper

Telemanipulator design and optimization software
Author(s): Jean Cote; Michel Pelletier
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Paper Abstract

For many years, industrial robots have been used to execute specific repetitive tasks. In those cases, the optimal configuration and location of the manipulator only has to be found once. The optimal configuration or position where often found empirically according to the tasks to be performed. In telemanipulation, the nature of the tasks to be executed is much wider and can be very demanding in terms of dexterity and workspace. The position/orientation of the robot's base could be required to move during the execution of a task. At present, the choice of the initial position of the teleoperator is usually found empirically which can be sufficient in the case of an easy or repetitive task. In the converse situation, the amount of time wasted to move the teleoperator support platform has to be taken into account during the execution of the task. Automatic optimization of the position/orientation of the platform or a better designed robot configuration could minimize these movements and save time. This paper will present two algorithms. The first algorithm is used to optimize the position and orientation of a given manipulator (or manipulators) with respect to the environment on which a task has to be executed. The second algorithm is used to optimize the position or the kinematic configuration of a robot. For this purpose, the tasks to be executed are digitized using a position/orientation measurement system and a compact representation based on special octrees. Given a digitized task, the optimal position or Denavit-Hartenberg configuration of the manipulator can be obtained numerically. Constraints on the robot design can also be taken into account. A graphical interface has been designed to facilitate the use of the two optimization algorithms.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 December 1995
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 2590, Telemanipulator and Telepresence Technologies II, (1 December 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.227948
Show Author Affiliations
Jean Cote, Hydro-Quebec Research Institute (Canada)
Michel Pelletier, Hydro-Quebec Research Institute (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2590:
Telemanipulator and Telepresence Technologies II
Marcos Salganicoff, Editor(s)

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