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Proceedings Paper

SNPP VIIRS reflective solar bands on-orbit calibration using the Moon (Conference Presentation)

Paper Abstract

The Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) onboard the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (SNPP) spacecraft has been on orbit for more than five years. It has been scheduled to view the moon approximately monthly since its nadir door open on November 21, 2011. The scheduled lunar observations have been used to monitor the VIIRS reflective solar bands (RSB) on-orbit gain changes. The VIIRS RSB are primarily calibrated by an onboard Solar Diffuser (SD) panel and an accompanying Solar Diffuser Stability Monitor (SDSM). Due to non-uniformity of the SD degradation, the SD/SDSM calibration may have non-negligible errors, especially for the short wavelength bands. Since lunar surface is very stable, the Moon can be used to provide more reliable on-orbit long-term gain changes of the RSB. The RSB calibration coefficients derived from the lunar calibration are generally consistent with those derived from the SD/SDSM calibration, but clear differences in trend are seen, especially for the short wavelength bands.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 October 2017
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Proc. SPIE 10423, Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XXI, 1042310 (18 October 2017);
Show Author Affiliations
Junqiang Sun, Global Science & Technology, Inc. (United States)
Menghua Wang, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10423:
Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XXI
Steven P. Neeck; Jean-Loup Bézy; Toshiyoshi Kimura, Editor(s)

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