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Proceedings Paper

Active multispectral reflection fingerprinting of persistent chemical agents
Author(s): H. D. Tholl; F. Münzhuber; J. Kunz; M. Raab; M. Rattunde; S. Hugger; F. Gutty; A. Grisard; C. Larat; D. Papillon; M. Schwarz; E. Lallier; M. Kastek; T. Piatkowski; F. Brygo; C. Awanzino; F. Wilsenack; A. Lorenzen
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Paper Abstract

Remote detection of toxic chemicals of very low vapour pressure deposited on surfaces in form of liquid films, droplets or powder is a capability that is needed to protect operators and equipment in chemical warfare scenarios and in industrial environments. Infrared spectroscopy is a suitable means to support this requirement. Available instruments based on passive emission spectroscopy have difficulties in discriminating the infrared emission spectrum of the surface background from that of the contamination. Separation of background and contamination is eased by illuminating the surface with a spectrally tune-able light source and by analyzing the reflectivity spectrum.

The project AMURFOCAL (Active Multispectral Reflection Fingerprinting of Persistent Chemical Agents) has the research topic of stand-off detection and identification of chemical warfare agents (CWAs) with amplified quantum cascade laser technology in the long-wave infrared spectral range. The project was conducted under the Joint Investment Programme (JIP) on CBRN protection funded through the European Defence Agency (EDA).

The AMURFOCAL instrument comprises a spectrally narrow tune-able light source with a broadband infrared detector and chemometric data analysis software. The light source combines an external cavity quantum cascade laser (EC-QCL) with an optical parametric amplifier (OPA) to boost the peak output power of a short laser pulse tune-able over the infrared fingerprint region. The laser beam is focused onto a target at a distance between 10 and 20 m. A 3D data cube is registered by tuning the wavelength of the laser emission while recording the received signal scattered off the target using a multi-element infrared detector. A particular chemical is identified through the extraction of its characteristic spectral fingerprint out of the measured data.

The paper describes the AMURFOCAL instrument, its functional units, and its principles of operation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 October 2017
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 10434, Electro-Optical Remote Sensing XI, 104340C (5 October 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2277937
Show Author Affiliations
H. D. Tholl, Diehl Defence GmbH & Co. KG (Germany)
F. Münzhuber, Diehl Defence GmbH & Co. KG (Germany)
J. Kunz, Diehl Defence GmbH & Co. KG (Germany)
M. Raab, Diehl Defence GmbH & Co. KG (Germany)
M. Rattunde, Fraunhofer-Institut für Angewandte Festkörperphysik (Germany)
S. Hugger, Fraunhofer-Institut für Angewandte Festkörperphysik (Germany)
F. Gutty, Thales Research & Technology (France)
A. Grisard, Thales Research & Technology (France)
C. Larat, Thales Research & Technology (France)
D. Papillon, Thales Research & Technology (France)
M. Schwarz, Thales Research & Technology (France)
E. Lallier, Thales Research & Technology (France)
M. Kastek, Wojskowa Akademia Techniczna im. Jaroslawa Dabrowskiego (Poland)
T. Piatkowski, Wojskowa Akademia Techniczna im. Jaroslawa Dabrowskiego (Poland)
F. Brygo, Bertin Technologies (France)
C. Awanzino, Bertin Technologies (France)
F. Wilsenack, Wehrwissenschaftliches Institut für Schutztechnologien (Germany)
A. Lorenzen, Wehrwissenschaftliches Institut für Schutztechnologien (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10434:
Electro-Optical Remote Sensing XI
Gary Kamerman; Ove Steinvall, Editor(s)

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