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Proceedings Paper

An advanced arrangement of the optical spectrograph based on acousto-optical and cross-disperser techniques for astronomical applications
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Paper Abstract

We develop a new avenue to creating the optical spectrometer for the Guillermo Haro astrophysical observatory (Mexico), which combines specifically progressed prism spectrometer with modern acousto-optical approach in the frame of a joint instrument. This schematic arrangement includes two principal novelties. First, we exploit recently developed acousto-optical nonlinearity of the two-phonon light scattering in crystals with linear acoustic losses, which admits an additional physical degree of freedom. This effect allows us to use nonlinear acousto-optical effect for linear processing of optical signals in parallel regime within all the visible range. Similar effect is based on the possibility for tuning the frequency of elastic waves and admits the nonlinear apodization improving the dynamic range. Secondly, we are using the cross-disperser technique with acousto-optical processing for the first time to our knowledge. Additionally, the acousto-optical spectrometers can provide almost 100% efficiency in the acousto-optical interaction in the optimized regime. In the case of 4% Mg doped LiNbO3 crystal the absorption edge can be shifted down to 370 nm for limited intensity of incoming light. The observation window of optical spectrometer in that observatory is ~ 9 cm, so that the theoretical estimations of maximal performances for a low-loss LiNbO3-crystal for this optical aperture at 405 nm give the spectral resolution 0.0523 Å, resolving power 77,400, and number of spots 57,500. The illustrative proof-of-principle experiments with available for us 6-cm LiNbO3-crystal have been performed and demonstrated the spectral resolution 0.0782 Å at 405 nm and resolving power 51,790.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 August 2017
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 10453, Third International Conference on Applications of Optics and Photonics, 1045331 (22 August 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2276366
Show Author Affiliations
Alexandre S. Shcherbakov, Instituto Nacional de Astrofísica, Óptica y Electrónica (Mexico)
Adan Omar Arellanes, Instituto Nacional de Astrofísica, Óptica y Electrónica (Mexico)
Eduardo Tepichin Rodríguez, Instituto Nacional de Astrofísica, Óptica y Electrónica (Mexico)
Vahram Chavushyan, Instituto Nacional de Astrofísica, Óptica y Electrónica (Mexico)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10453:
Third International Conference on Applications of Optics and Photonics
Manuel Filipe P. C. M. Martins Costa, Editor(s)

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