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Proceedings Paper

Effect of periodicity in the optimization of fine tuned dipolar plasmonic structures for SERS
Author(s): Henrique Vilhena; Scott G. McMeekin; A. Sheila Holmes-Smith; Graham G. Sharp; Richard M. De La Rue; Nigel P. Johnson
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Paper Abstract

Arrays of nanoantennas consisting of plasmonic dipole pairs have been widely used in surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS). Fine-tuned structures that can efficiently convert incident electromagnetic energy to excite molecules and provide enhanced detection. However, this tuning mechanism also has its disadvantages. In order to prevent the cross coupling, the distance between each individual element must be increased. This leads to low packing density values which in turn results in a reduction of the overall enhanced Raman signal when these structures are compared to broadly tuned aggregates of particles such as those obtained through metal sputtering or colloidal deposition. In this work we demonstrate through simulations and experimental work that it is possible to increase the reflected signal of an array of nanoantennas by reducing the distance between them in the direction both perpendicular and parallel to the orientation of the incident electric field. It is shown the resonant wavelength shifts in two different spectral directions depending in how the intercell distance was reduced. These resultant shifts can reduce the tuning capabilities of the structures but also can increase the SERS intensity due to close coupling of the dipole pairs. We believe that these results will enable the design and fabrication of structures possessing a greater degree of tunability together with an overall enhanced Raman signal that can rival aggregated SERS substrates.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 August 2017
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 10453, Third International Conference on Applications of Optics and Photonics, 1045330 (22 August 2017);
Show Author Affiliations
Henrique Vilhena, Glasgow Caledonian Univ. (United Kingdom)
Scott G. McMeekin, Glasgow Caledonian Univ. (United Kingdom)
A. Sheila Holmes-Smith, Glasgow Caledonian Univ. (United Kingdom)
Graham G. Sharp, Univ. of Glasgow (United Kingdom)
Richard M. De La Rue, Univ. of Glasgow (United Kingdom)
Nigel P. Johnson, Univ. of Glasgow (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10453:
Third International Conference on Applications of Optics and Photonics
Manuel Filipe P. C. M. Martins Costa, Editor(s)

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