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Proceedings Paper

Riemannian multi-manifold modeling and clustering in brain networks
Author(s): Konstantinos Slavakis; Shiva Salsabilian; David S. Wack; Sarah F. Muldoon; Henry E. Baidoo-Williams; Jean M. Vettel; Matthew Cieslak; Scott T. Grafton
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Paper Abstract

This paper introduces Riemannian multi-manifold modeling in the context of brain-network analytics: Brainnetwork time-series yield features which are modeled as points lying in or close to a union of a finite number of submanifolds within a known Riemannian manifold. Distinguishing disparate time series amounts thus to clustering multiple Riemannian submanifolds. To this end, two feature-generation schemes for brain-network time series are put forth. The first one is motivated by Granger-causality arguments and uses an auto-regressive moving average model to map low-rank linear vector subspaces, spanned by column vectors of appropriately defined observability matrices, to points into the Grassmann manifold. The second one utilizes (non-linear) dependencies among network nodes by introducing kernel-based partial correlations to generate points in the manifold of positivedefinite matrices. Based on recently developed research on clustering Riemannian submanifolds, an algorithm is provided for distinguishing time series based on their Riemannian-geometry properties. Numerical tests on time series, synthetically generated from real brain-network structural connectivity matrices, reveal that the proposed scheme outperforms classical and state-of-the-art techniques in clustering brain-network states/structures.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 August 2017
PDF: 16 pages
Proc. SPIE 10394, Wavelets and Sparsity XVII, 103940B (24 August 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2274405
Show Author Affiliations
Konstantinos Slavakis, Univ. at Buffalo (United States)
Shiva Salsabilian, Univ. at Buffalo (United States)
David S. Wack, Univ. at Buffalo (United States)
Sarah F. Muldoon, Univ. at Buffalo (United States)
Henry E. Baidoo-Williams, Univ. at Buffalo (United States)
U.S. Army Research Lab. (United States)
Jean M. Vettel, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
U.S. Army Research Lab. (United States)
Univ. of California, Santa Barbara (United States)
Matthew Cieslak, Univ. of California, Santa Barbara (United States)
Scott T. Grafton, Univ. of California, Santa Barbara (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10394:
Wavelets and Sparsity XVII
Yue M. Lu; Dimitri Van De Ville; Manos Papadakis, Editor(s)

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