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Proceedings Paper

Optics of multiple grooves in metal: transition from high scattering to strong absorption
Author(s): Enok J. H. Skjølstrup; Thomas Søndergaard; Kjeld Pedersen; Thomas G. Pedersen
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Paper Abstract

This paper studies theoretically how the optics of multiple grooves in a metal change as the number of grooves is increased gradually from a single groove to infinitely many arranged in a periodic array. In the case of a single groove the out-of-plane scattering (OUP) cross section at resonance can significantly exceed the groove width. On the other hand a periodic array of identical grooves behaves radically different and is a near-perfect absorber at the same wavelength. When illuminating multiple grooves with a plane wave the OUP cross section is found to scale roughly linearly with the number of grooves and is comparable to the physical array width even for widths of many wavelengths. The normalized OUP cross section per groove even exceeds that of a single groove, which is explained as a consequence of surface plasmon polaritons generated at one groove being scattered out-of-the-plane by other grooves. In the case of illuminating instead with a Gaussian beam, and observing the limit as the incident beam narrows and is confined within the multiple-groove array, it is found that the total reflectance becomes very low and that there is practically no out-of-plane scattering. The well-known result for periodic arrays is thus recovered. All calculations were carried out using Greens function surface integral equation methods taking advantage of the periodic nature of the structures. Both rectangular and tapered grooves are considered.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 August 2017
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 10346, Plasmonics: Design, Materials, Fabrication, Characterization, and Applications XV, 103462W (25 August 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2273972
Show Author Affiliations
Enok J. H. Skjølstrup, Aalborg Univ. (Denmark)
Thomas Søndergaard, Aalborg Univ. (Denmark)
Kjeld Pedersen, Aalborg Univ. (Denmark)
Thomas G. Pedersen, Aalborg Univ. (Denmark)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10346:
Plasmonics: Design, Materials, Fabrication, Characterization, and Applications XV
Din Ping Tsai; Takuo Tanaka, Editor(s)

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