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Proceedings Paper

The performance of quantum dots-based white light-emitting diodes
Author(s): Kuan-Lin Chen; Shu-Ru Chung
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Paper Abstract

Recently, the investigation of quantum dots (QDs) as a color converter for white light-emitting diodes (WLEDs) application has attracted a great deal of attention. Because the narrow emission wavelength of QDs can be controlled by their particle sizes and compositions, which is facilitated to improve the color gamut of display as well as color rendering index (CRI) and the correlated color temperature (CCT) of WLEDs. In a typical commercially available LCD display, the color gamut is approximately to 75 % which is defined by the National Television System Committee (NTSC). In order to enhance NTSC, the full width at half-maximum (FWHM) of color converter should be less than 30 nm. Therefore, the QDs are the best choice for display application due to the FWHM of QDs is meet the demand of display application. In this study, the hot injection method with one-pot process is used to synthesis of colloidal ternary ZnCdSe green (G-) and red-emission (R-) QDs with a narrow emission wavelength around 537 and 610 nm. By controlling the complex reagents-stearic acid (SA) and lauric acid (LA), high performance of G- and R-QDs can be prepared. The quantum yields (QYs), particle sizes and FWHM for G- and R-QDs are 70, 30 %, 3.2 ± 0.5, 4.1 ± 0.5 nm and 25, 26 nm, respectively. In order to explore the performance of QDs-based WLEDs, mixing ratios effect between G-QD and R-QD are studied and the WLED is packed as conformal-type. Different ratios of R-QD and G-QD (1:10, 1:20 and 1:30) are mixed and fill up the 3020 SMD blue-InGaN LED, and named as LED-10, LED-20 and LED-30. After that, UV curable gel is deposited on the top of QD layer to form WLED and named as LED-10*, LED-20* and LED-30*. The results show that the Commission International d’Eclairage (CIE) chromaticity coordinates, color rendering index (CRI), luminous efficacy of LED-10*, LED-20* and LED-30* are (0.27, 0.21), 53, 1.9 lm/W, (0.29, 0.30), 72, 3.3 lm/W and (0.25, 0.34), 45, 6.8 lm/W, respectively. We can find that the positions of CIE can be controlled simply by adjusting the ratios of G- and R-QDs. Besides, the LED-10 and LED-20* device shows the high CRI, implying that it has great potential for application on backlight of display technology and solid-state lighting.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 August 2017
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 10349, Low-Dimensional Materials and Devices 2017, 1034916 (25 August 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2273134
Show Author Affiliations
Kuan-Lin Chen, National Formosa Univ. (Taiwan)
Shu-Ru Chung, National Formosa Univ. (Taiwan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10349:
Low-Dimensional Materials and Devices 2017
Nobuhiko P. Kobayashi; A. Alec Talin; M. Saif Islam; Albert V. Davydov, Editor(s)

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