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Proceedings Paper

Tertiary particle physics with ELI: from challenge to chance (Conference Presentation)
Author(s): Ladislav Drska

Paper Abstract

nteraction of high-intensity laser pulses with solid state targets results in generation of intense pulses of secondary particles via electromagnetic interaction : electrons, ions, hard x-rays. The beams of these particles can be used to produce various types of third-generation particles, beyond electromagnetic also other types of fundamental interactions can be involved in this process [1]. As the most interesting tertiary particles could be mentioned positrons, neutron, muons. This paper shall extend our previous analysis of this topic [2]: it discusses selected technical problems of design and realization of applicable sources of these particles and presents some more elaborated proposals for potential meaningful / hopefuly realistic exploitations of this technology. (1)Tertiary Sources (TS) : First Development Steps. This part of the presentation includes the topics as follows: (11) Pulsed positron sources: Verified solutions of laser-driven positron sources [3] [4] [5], development towards applicable facilities. Some unconventional concepts of application of lasers for positron production [6]. Techniques for realization of low/very-low energy positrons. (12) Taylored neutron sources [7]: Neutron sources with demanded space distribution, strongly beamed and isotropic solutions [8] [9]. Neutron generation with taylored energy distribution. Problem of the direct production of neutrons with very low energy [10] [11]. (13) Potential muon sources: Proof-of-principle laser experiment on electron / photon driven muon production [12] [13]. Study of the possibility of effective generation of surface muons. Problems of the production of muons with very low energy. (2) Fundamental & Applied Physics with TS: This part of the talk presents the themes: (21) Diagnostic potential of TS: Lepton emission as a signature of processes in extreme systems. Passive and active diagnostics using positrons, problems of detection and evaluation. Potential diagnostic applications of muons. Concrete application study: muon tomography. (22) Antilepton gravity studies [14]: Possibility of antimattter gravity research using positronium and muonium [15] [16]. Lepton / antilepton gravity studiesactive with relativistic particle beams [17]. First-phase practical application : positron production for filling (commertial) particle traps, development base for multiple microtrap systems. (23) Hidden world searching [18] : Potential laser-based production / detection of selected dark mattter particles - axions, hidden photons [19] [20]. Search for hidden particles in nuclear decay processes [21]. Potential application output: intense positronium source. Conclusion: The extensive feasibility study confirms the potential of ELI to contribute to the solution of Grand Challenge Problems of physics. Laser-produced tertiary particles will play important role in this effort. : References [1] L.Drska et al.: Physics of Extreme Systems. Course ATHENS CTU18, Prague 12 – 19 Nov., 2016. [2] L.Drska : Lepton Diagnostics and Antimatter Physics. In: SPIE Optics+Optoelectronics, Prague, April 13 – 16, 2015 . [3] H. Chen et al.: Scaling the Yield of Laser-Driven Electron-Positron Jets to Laboratory Astrophysics Applications. Rep. LLNL-JRNL-665381, Dec. 11, 2014. [4] E Liang et al.: High e+ / e- Ratio Dense Pair Creation with 1022 Laser Irradiating Solid Targets. Scientific Reports, Sept. 14, 2015. [5] G. Sarri et al.: Spectral and Spatial Characterization of Laser-driven Positron Beams. Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 59 (2017) 014015. [6] B. Schoch: A Method to Produce Intense Positron Beams via Electro Pair Production on Electrons. arXiv:1607.03847v1 [physics.acc-ph] [7] I. Pomerantz: Laser Generation of Neutrons: Science and Applications. In: ELI-NP Summer School, Magurele, Sept. 21 – 25, 2015. [8] V.P. Kovalev: Secondary Radiation of Electron Accelerators (in Russian). Atomizdat 1969. [9] M. Lebois et al.: Development of a Kinematically Focused Neutron Source with p(Li7,n)Be7 Inverse Reaction. Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. A 735 (2014), 145. [10] D. Habs et al.: Neutron Halo Isomers in Stable Nuclei and their Possible Application for the Production of Low Energy, Pulsed, Polarized Neutron Beams of High Intensity and High Brilliance. Appl. Phys B103 (2011),485. [11] T. Masuda et al.: A New Method of Creating High/Intensity Neutron Source. arXiv:1604.02818v1[nucl-ex] [12] A.I. Titov et al.: Dimuon Production by Laser-wakefield Accelerated Electrons. Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 12 (2009) 111301. [13] W. Dreesen et al.: Detection of Petawatt Laser-Induced Muon Source for Rapid High-Gamma Material Detection. DOE/NV/25946-2262. [14] F. Castelli: Positronium and Fundamental Physics: What Next ? In: What Next, Florence 2015. [15] G. Dufour et al. : Prospects for Studies of the Free Fall and Gravitation Quantum States of Antimatter. Advances in High Energy Physics 2015 (2015) 379642. [16] D.M. Kaplan et al.. Antimatter Gravity with Muonium. IIT-CAPP-16-1. arXiv:1601.07222v2 [physics.ins-det] [17] T. Kalaydzhyan: Gravitational Mass of Positron from LEP Synchrotron Losses. arXiv:1508.04377v3 [hep-ph] [18] J. Alexander et al.: Dark Sector 2016 Workshop: Community Report. arXiv:1608.08632[hep-ph] [19] M.A. Wahud et al.: Axion-like Particle Production in a Laser-Induced Dynamical Spacertime. arXiv:1612.07743v1 [hep-ph] [20] V. Kozhuharov et al: New Projects on Dark Photon Search. arXiv:1610.04389v1 [hep-ex] [21] A.J. Krasznahorkay et al.: Observation of Anomalous Internal Pair Creation in Be8: A Possible Signature of a Light, Neutral Boson. arXiv:1504.01527v1 [nucl-ex]

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 June 2017
PDF: 2 pages
Proc. SPIE 10241, Research Using Extreme Light: Entering New Frontiers with Petawatt-Class Lasers III, 1024116 (29 June 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2270707
Show Author Affiliations
Ladislav Drska, Czech Technical Univ in Prague (Czech Republic)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10241:
Research Using Extreme Light: Entering New Frontiers with Petawatt-Class Lasers III
Georg Korn; Luis O. Silva, Editor(s)

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