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Proceedings Paper

Investigation of kinematics of knuckling shot in soccer
Author(s): T. Asai; S. Hong
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Paper Abstract

In this study, we use four high-speed video cameras to investigate the swing characteristics of the kicking leg while delivering the knuckling shot in soccer. We attempt to elucidate the impact process of the kicking foot at the instant of its impact with the ball and the technical mechanisms of the knuckling shot via comparison of its curved motion with that of the straight and curved shots. Two high-speed cameras (Fastcam, Photron Inc., Tokyo, Japan; 1000 fps, 1024 × 1024 pixels) are set up 2 m away from the site of impact with a line of sight perpendicular to the kicking-leg side. In addition, two semi-high-speed cameras (EX-F1, Casio Computer Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan; 300 fps; 720 × 480 pixels) are positioned, one at the rear and the other on the kicking-leg side, to capture the kicking motion. We observe that the ankle joint at impact in the knuckling shot flexes in an approximate L-shape in a manner similar to the joint flexing for the curve shot. The hip’s external rotation torque in the knuckling shot is greater than those of other shots, which suggests the tendency of the kicker to push the heel forward and impact with the inside of the foot. The angle of attack in the knuckling shot is smaller than that in other shots, and we speculate that this small attack angle is a factor in soccer kicks which generate shots with smaller rotational frequencies of the ball.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 February 2017
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 10328, Selected Papers from the 31st International Congress on High-Speed Imaging and Photonics, 103281S (20 February 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2269157
Show Author Affiliations
T. Asai, Tsukuba Univ. (Japan)
S. Hong, Tsukuba Univ. (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10328:
Selected Papers from the 31st International Congress on High-Speed Imaging and Photonics
T. Goji Etoh; Hiroyuki Shiraga, Editor(s)

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