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Proceedings Paper

Rogue waves driven by polarization instabilities in a long ring fiber oscillator
Author(s): S. A. Kolpakov; Hani Kbashi; Sergey Sergeyev
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Paper Abstract

We present an experimental and theoretical results of a study of a complex nonlinear polarization dynamics in a passively self-mode-locked erbium-doped fiber oscillator implemented in a ring configuration and operating near lasing threshold. The theoretical model consists of seven coupled non-linear equations and takes into account both orthogonal states of polarizations in the fiber. The experiment confirmed the existence of seven eigenfrequencies, predicted by the model due to polarization instability near lasing threshold. By adjusting the state of polarization of the pump and in-cavity birefringence we changed some eigenfrequencies from being different (non-degenerate state) to matching (degenerate state). The non-degenerate states of oscillator lead to the L-shaped probability distribution function and true rogue wave regime with a positive dominant Lyapunov exponent value between 1.4 and 2.6. Small detuning from partially degenerate case also leads to L-shaped probability distribution function with the tail trespassing eight standard deviations threshold, giving periodic patterns of pulses along with positive dominant Lyapunov exponent of a filtered signal between 0.6 and 3.2. The partial degeneration, in turn, guides to quasi-symmetric distribution and the value of dominant Lyapunov exponent of 42 which is a typical value for systems with a source of the strongly nonhomogeneous external noise.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 May 2017
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 10228, Nonlinear Optics and Applications X, 102280Q (16 May 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2265190
Show Author Affiliations
S. A. Kolpakov, Aston Univ. (United Kingdom)
Hani Kbashi, Aston Univ. (United Kingdom)
Sergey Sergeyev, Aston Univ. (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10228:
Nonlinear Optics and Applications X
Mario Bertolotti; Joseph W. Haus; Alexei M. Zheltikov, Editor(s)

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