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Proceedings Paper

M and S supporting unmanned autonomous systems (UAxS) concept development and experimentation
Author(s): Marco Biagini; Alfio Scaccianoce; Fabio Corona; Sonia Forconi; Frank Byrum; Olivia Fowler; James L. Sidoran
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Paper Abstract

The development of the next generation of multi-domain unmanned semi and fully autonomous C4ISR systems involves a multitude of security concerns and interoperability challenges. Conceptual solutions to capability shortfalls and gaps can be identified through Concept Development and Experimentation (CD and E) cycles. Modelling and Simulation (M and S) is a key tool in supporting unmanned autonomous systems (UAxS) CD and E activities and addressing associated security challenges. This paper serves to illustrate the application of M and S to UAxS development and highlight initiatives made by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) M and S Centre of Excellence (CoE) to facilitate interoperability. The NATO M and S CoE collaborates with other NATO and Nations bodies in order to develop UAxS projects such as the Allied Command for Transformation Counter Unmanned Autonomous Systems (CUAxS) project or the work of Science and Technology Organization (STO) panels. Some initiatives, such as Simulated Interactive Robotics Initiative (SIRI) made the baseline for further developments and to study emerging technologies in M and S and robotics fields. Artificial Intelligence algorithm modelling, Robot Operating Systems (ROS), network operations, cyber security, interoperable languages and related data models are some of the main aspects considered in this paper. In particular, the implementation of interoperable languages like C-BML and NIEM MilOps are discussed in relation to a Command and Control - Simulation Interoperability (C2SIM) paradigm. All these technologies are used to build a conceptual architecture to support UAxS CD and E.In addition, other projects that the NATO M and S CoE is involved in, such as the NATO Urbanization Project could provide credible future operational environments and benefit UAxS project development, as dual application of UAxS technology in large urbanized areas.In conclusion, this paper contains a detailed overview regarding how applying Modelling and Simulation to support CD and E activities is a valid approach to develop and validate future capabilities requirements in general and next generation UAxS.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 June 2017
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 10206, Disruptive Technologies in Sensors and Sensor Systems, 102060N (6 June 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2263860
Show Author Affiliations
Marco Biagini, NATO Modelling & Simulation Ctr. of Excellence (Italy)
Alfio Scaccianoce, NATO Modelling & Simulation Ctr. of Excellence (Italy)
Fabio Corona, NATO Modelling & Simulation Ctr. of Excellence (Italy)
Sonia Forconi, NATO Modelling & Simulation Ctr. of Excellence (Italy)
Frank Byrum, Spectrum Comm, Inc. (United States)
Olivia Fowler, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical Univ. (United States)
James L. Sidoran, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10206:
Disruptive Technologies in Sensors and Sensor Systems
Russell D. Hall; Misty Blowers; Jonathan Williams, Editor(s)

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