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Proceedings Paper

Carbon nanotube-based structural health monitoring for fiber reinforced composite materials
Author(s): Hao Liu; Kan Liu; Aris Mardirossian; Dirk Heider; Erik Thostenson
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Paper Abstract

In fiber reinforced composite materials, the modes of damage accumulation, ranging from microlevel to macro-level (matrix cracks development, fiber breakage, fiber-matrix de-bonding, delamination, etc.), are complex and hard to be detected through conventional non-destructive evaluation methods. Therefore, in order to assure the outstanding structural performance and high durability of the composites, there has been an urgent need for the design and fabrication smart composites with self-damage sensing capabilities. In recent years, the macroscopic forms of carbon nanotube materials have been maturely investigated, which provides the opportunity for structural health monitoring based on the carbon nanotubes that are integrated in the inter-laminar areas of advanced fiber composites. Here in this research, advanced fiber composites embedded with laminated carbon nanotube layers are manufactured for damage detection due to the relevant spatial electrical property changes once damage occurs. The mechanical-electrical coupling response is recorded and analyzed during impact test. The design and manufacturing of integrating the carbon nanotubes intensely affect the detecting sensitivity and repeatability of the integrated multifunctional sensors. The ultimate goal of the reported work is to develop a novel structural health monitoring method with the capability of reporting information on the damage state in a real-time way.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 April 2017
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 10169, Nondestructive Characterization and Monitoring of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, and Civil Infrastructure 2017, 101690H (19 April 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2262262
Show Author Affiliations
Hao Liu, Univ. of Delaware (United States)
Kan Liu, Univ. of Delaware (United States)
Aris Mardirossian, Univ. of Delaware (United States)
Dirk Heider, Univ. of Delaware (United States)
Erik Thostenson, Univ. of Delaware (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10169:
Nondestructive Characterization and Monitoring of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, and Civil Infrastructure 2017
H. Felix Wu; Andrew L. Gyekenyesi; Peter J. Shull; Tzu-Yang Yu, Editor(s)

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