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Proceedings Paper

Detection of chaotic dynamics in human gait signals from mobile devices
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Paper Abstract

The ubiquity of mobile devices offers the opportunity to exploit device-generated signal data for biometric identification, health monitoring, and activity recognition. In particular, mobile devices contain an Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) that produces acceleration and rotational rate information from the IMU accelerometers and gyros. These signals reflect motion properties of the human carrier. It is well-known that the complexity of bio-dynamical systems gives rise to chaotic dynamics. Knowledge of chaotic properties of these systems has shown utility, for example, in detecting abnormal medical conditions and neurological disorders. Chaotic dynamics has been found, in the lab, in bio-dynamical systems data such as electrocardiogram (heart), electroencephalogram (brain), and gait data. In this paper, we investigate the following question: can we detect chaotic dynamics in human gait as measured by IMU acceleration and gyro data from mobile phones? To detect chaotic dynamics, we perform recurrence analysis on real gyro and accelerometer signal data obtained from mobile devices. We apply the delay coordinate embedding approach from Takens' theorem to reconstruct the phase space trajectory of the multi-dimensional gait dynamical system. We use mutual information properties of the signal to estimate the appropriate delay value, and the false nearest neighbor approach to determine the phase space embedding dimension. We use a correlation dimension-based approach together with estimation of the largest Lyapunov exponent to make the chaotic dynamics detection decision. We investigate the ability to detect chaotic dynamics for the different one-dimensional IMU signals, across human subject and walking modes, and as a function of different phone locations on the human carrier.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 May 2017
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 10221, Mobile Multimedia/Image Processing, Security, and Applications 2017, 102210C (10 May 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2261025
Show Author Affiliations
Stephen DelMarco, BAE Systems (United States)
Yunbin Deng, BAE Systems (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10221:
Mobile Multimedia/Image Processing, Security, and Applications 2017
Sos S. Agaian; Sabah A. Jassim, Editor(s)

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