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Proceedings Paper

A portable integrated system to control an active needle
Author(s): Bardia Konh; Mahdi Motalleb; Hashem Ashrafiuon
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Paper Abstract

The primary objective of this work is to introduce an integrated portable system to operate a flexible active surgical needle with actuation capabilities. The smart needle uses the robust actuation capabilities of the shape memory alloy wires to drastically improve the accuracy of in medical procedures such as brachytherapy. This, however, requires an integrated system aimed to control the insertion of the needle via a linear motor and its deflection by the SMA wire in real-time. The integrated system includes a flexible needle prototype, a Raspberry Pi computer, a linear stage motor, an SMA wire actuator, a power supply, electromagnetic tracking system, and various communication supplies. The linear stage motor guides the needle into tissue. The power supply provides appropriate current to the SMA actuator. The tracking system measures tip movement for feedback, The Raspberry Pi is the central tool that receives the tip movement feedback and controls the linear stage motor and the SMA actuator via the power supply. The implemented algorithms required for communication and feedback control are also described. This paper demonstrates that the portable integrated system may be a viable solution for more effective procedures requiring surgical needles.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 April 2017
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 10166, Industrial and Commercial Applications of Smart Structures Technologies 2017, 101660J (4 April 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2260435
Show Author Affiliations
Bardia Konh, Univ. of Hawai'i at Manoa (United States)
Mahdi Motalleb, Univ. of Hawai'i at Manoa (United States)
Hashem Ashrafiuon, Villanova Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10166:
Industrial and Commercial Applications of Smart Structures Technologies 2017
Dan J. Clingman, Editor(s)

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