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Proceedings Paper

Optimization of voltage output of energy harvesters with continuous mechanical rotation extracted from human motion (Conference Presentation)
Author(s): Evan Rashid; Armita Hamidi; Yonas Tadesse

Paper Abstract

With increasing popularity of portable devices for outdoor activities, portable energy harvesting devices are coming into spot light. The next generation energy harvester which is called hybrid energy harvester can employ more than one mechanism in a single device to optimize portion of the energy that can be harvested from any source of waste energy namely motion, vibration, heat and etc. In spite of few recent attempts for creating hybrid portable devices, the level of output energy still needs to be improved with the intention of employing them in commercial electronic systems or further applications. Moreover, implementing a practical hybrid energy harvester in different application for further investigation is still challenging. This proposal is projected to incorporate a novel approach to maximize and optimize the voltage output of hybrid energy harvesters to achieve a greater conversion efficiency normalized by the total mass of the hybrid device than the simple arithmetic sum of the individual harvesting mechanisms. The energy harvester model previously proposed by Larkin and Tadesse [1] is used as a baseline and a continuous unidirectional rotation is incorporated to maximize and optimize the output. The device harvest mechanical energy from oscillatory motion and convert it to electrical energy through electromagnetic and piezoelectric systems. The new designed mechanism upgrades the device in a way that can harvest energy from both rotational and linear motions by using magnets. Likewise, the piezoelectric section optimized to harvest at least 10% more energy. To the end, the device scaled down for tested with different sources of vibrations in the immediate environment, including machinery operation, bicycle, door motion while opening and closing and finally, human motions. Comparing the results from literature proved that current device has capability to be employed in commercial small electronic devices for enhancement of battery usage or as a backup power source. [1] Larkin, Miles, and Yonas Tadesse. "HM-EH-RT: hybrid multimodal energy harvesting from rotational and translational motions." International Journal of Smart and Nano Materials 4.4 (2013): 257-285.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 May 2017
PDF: 1 pages
Proc. SPIE 10164, Active and Passive Smart Structures and Integrated Systems 2017, 101641K (10 May 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2259974
Show Author Affiliations
Evan Rashid, The Univ. of Texas at Dallas (United States)
Armita Hamidi, The Univ. of Texas at Dallas (United States)
Yonas Tadesse, The Univ. of Texas at Dallas (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10164:
Active and Passive Smart Structures and Integrated Systems 2017
Gyuhae Park, Editor(s)

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