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Proceedings Paper

Single cell genomic quantification by non-fluorescence nonlinear microscopy
Author(s): Divya Kota; Jing Liu
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Paper Abstract

Human epidermal growth receptor 2 (Her2) is a gene which plays a major role in breast cancer development. The quantification of Her2 expression in single cells is limited by several drawbacks in existing fluorescence-based single molecule techniques, such as low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), strong autofluorescence and background signals from biological components. For rigorous genomic quantification, a robust method of orthogonal detection is highly desirable and we demonstrated it by two non-fluorescent imaging techniques -transient absorption microscopy (TAM) and second harmonic generation (SHG). In TAM, gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are chosen as an orthogonal probes for detection of single molecules which gives background-free quantifications of single mRNA transcript. In SHG, emission from barium titanium oxide (BTO) nanoprobes was demonstrated which allows stable signal beyond the autofluorescence window. Her2 mRNA was specifically labeled with nanoprobes which are conjugated with antibodies or oligonucleotides and quantified at single copy sensitivity in the cancer cells and tissues. Furthermore, a non-fluorescent super-resolution concept, named as second harmonic super-resolution microscopy (SHaSM), was proposed to quantify individual Her2 transcripts in cancer cells beyond the diffraction limit. These non-fluorescent imaging modalities will provide new dimensions in biomarker quantification at single molecule sensitivity in turbid biological samples, offering a strong cross-platform strategy for clinical monitoring at single cell resolution.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 February 2017
PDF: 15 pages
Proc. SPIE 10071, Single Molecule Spectroscopy and Superresolution Imaging X, 100710L (21 February 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2256502
Show Author Affiliations
Divya Kota, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology (United States)
Jing Liu, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology (United States)
Purdue Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10071:
Single Molecule Spectroscopy and Superresolution Imaging X
Jörg Enderlein; Ingo Gregor; Zygmunt Karol Gryczynski; Rainer Erdmann; Felix Koberling, Editor(s)

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