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Proceedings Paper

Increased clutter level in echocardiography due to specular reflection
Author(s): Ali Fatemi; Hans Torp; Svend Aakhus; Alfonso Rodriguez-Molares
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Paper Abstract

State-of-the-art echocardiography allows to correctly diagnose most of cardiovascular diseases. An unknown source of clutter, however, hinders the visualization of the heart in some cases. We believe this clutter is caused by the ultrasound beam being partially reflected by the ribs into the elevation direction, so that structures outside the imaging plane are displayed on top of the heart image as clutter noise. We conducted in vitro experiments in a water tank using a synthetic ventricle and pig ribs. By partially blocking the probe with the ribs in the elevation direction, objects outside the imaging plane were rendered in the B-mode image, which confirms that the ribs can behave as specular reflectors. In addition, we succeeded in reproducing clutter noise using a piece of polystyrene to simulate the reflections from the lungs. This indicates that the origin of the clutter noise in echocardiograms can be reverberation coming from the lungs via specular reflection at the ribs.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 March 2017
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 10139, Medical Imaging 2017: Ultrasonic Imaging and Tomography, 101391D (13 March 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2255721
Show Author Affiliations
Ali Fatemi, Norwegian Univ. of Science and Technology (Norway)
Hans Torp, Norwegian Univ. of Science and Technology (Norway)
Svend Aakhus, Norwegian Univ. of Science and Technology (Norway)
Alfonso Rodriguez-Molares, Norwegian Univ. of Science and Technology (Norway)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10139:
Medical Imaging 2017: Ultrasonic Imaging and Tomography
Neb Duric; Brecht Heyde, Editor(s)

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