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Proceedings Paper

Quantification of CT images for the classification of high- and low-risk pancreatic cysts
Author(s): Lior Gazit; Jayasree Chakraborty; Marc Attiyeh; Liana Langdon-Embry; Peter J. Allen; Richard K. G. Do; Amber L. Simpson
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Paper Abstract

Pancreatic cancer is the most lethal cancer with an overall 5-year survival rate of 7%1 due to the late stage at diagnosis and the ineffectiveness of current therapeutic strategies. Given the poor prognosis, early detection at a pre-cancerous stage is the best tool for preventing this disease. Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMN), cystic tumors of the pancreas, represent the only radiographically identifiable precursor lesion of pancreatic cancer and are known to evolve stepwise from low-to-high-grade dysplasia before progressing into an invasive carcinoma. Observation is usually recommended for low-risk (low- and intermediate-grade dysplasia) patients, while high-risk (high-grade dysplasia and invasive carcinoma) patients undergo resection; hence, patient selection is critically important in the management of pancreatic cysts.2 Radiologists use standard criteria such as main pancreatic duct size, cyst size, or presence of a solid enhancing component in the cyst to optimally select patients for surgery.3 However, these findings are subject to a radiologist’s interpretation and have been shown to be inconsistent with regards to the presence of a mural nodule or solid component.4 We propose objective classification of risk groups based on quantitative imaging features extracted from CT scans. We apply new features that represent the solid component (i.e. areas of high intensity) within the cyst and extract standard texture features. An adaptive boost classifier5 achieves the best performance with area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.73 and accuracy of 77.3% for texture features. The random forest classifier achieves the best performance with AUC of 0.71 and accuracy of 70.8% with the solid component features.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 March 2017
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 10134, Medical Imaging 2017: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 101340X (3 March 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2255626
Show Author Affiliations
Lior Gazit, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Ctr. (United States)
Jayasree Chakraborty, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Ctr. (United States)
Marc Attiyeh, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Ctr. (United States)
Liana Langdon-Embry, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Ctr. (United States)
Peter J. Allen, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Ctr. (United States)
Richard K. G. Do, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Ctr. (United States)
Amber L. Simpson, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Ctr. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10134:
Medical Imaging 2017: Computer-Aided Diagnosis
Samuel G. Armato III; Nicholas A. Petrick, Editor(s)

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