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Proceedings Paper

Integration of prior CT into CBCT reconstruction for improved image quality via reconstruction of difference: first patient studies
Author(s): Hao Zhang; Grace J. Gang; Junghoon Lee; John Wong; J. Webster Stayman
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Paper Abstract

Purpose: There are many clinical situations where diagnostic CT is used for an initial diagnosis or treatment planning, followed by one or more CBCT scans that are part of an image-guided intervention. Because the high-quality diagnostic CT scan is a rich source of patient-specific anatomical knowledge, this provides an opportunity to incorporate the prior CT image into subsequent CBCT reconstruction for improved image quality. We propose a penalized-likelihood method called reconstruction of difference (RoD), to directly reconstruct differences between the CBCT scan and the CT prior. In this work, we demonstrate the efficacy of RoD with clinical patient datasets. Methods: We introduce a data processing workflow using the RoD framework to reconstruct anatomical changes between the prior CT and current CBCT. This workflow includes processing steps to account for non-anatomical differences between the two scans including 1) scatter correction for CBCT datasets due to increased scatter fractions in CBCT data; 2) histogram matching for attenuation variations between CT and CBCT; and 3) registration for different patient positioning. CBCT projection data and CT planning volumes for two radiotherapy patients – one abdominal study and one head-and-neck study – were investigated. Results: In comparisons between the proposed RoD framework and more traditional FDK and penalized-likelihood reconstructions, we find a significant improvement in image quality when prior CT information is incorporated into the reconstruction. RoD is able to provide additional low-contrast details while correctly incorporating actual physical changes in patient anatomy. Conclusions: The proposed framework provides an opportunity to either improve image quality or relax data fidelity constraints for CBCT imaging when prior CT studies of the same patient are available. Possible clinical targets include CBCT image-guided radiotherapy and CBCT image-guided surgeries.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 March 2017
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 10132, Medical Imaging 2017: Physics of Medical Imaging, 1013211 (9 March 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2255513
Show Author Affiliations
Hao Zhang, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
Grace J. Gang, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
Junghoon Lee, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
John Wong, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
J. Webster Stayman, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10132:
Medical Imaging 2017: Physics of Medical Imaging
Thomas G. Flohr; Joseph Y. Lo; Taly Gilat Schmidt, Editor(s)

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