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Proceedings Paper

An improved automated procedure for informal and temporary dwellings detection and enumeration, using mathematical morphology operators on VHR satellite data
Author(s): Małgorzata Jenerowicz; Thomas Kemper
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Paper Abstract

Every year thousands of people are displaced by conflicts or natural disasters and often gather in large camps. Knowing how many people have been gathered is crucial for an efficient relief operation. However, it is often difficult to collect exact information on the total number of the population.

This paper presents the improved morphological methodology for the estimation of dwellings structures located in several Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) Camps, based on Very High Resolution (VHR) multispectral satellite imagery with pixel sizes of 1 meter or less including GeoEye-1, WorldView-2, QuickBird-2, Ikonos-2, Pléiades-A and Pléiades-B.

The main topic of this paper is the approach enhancement with selection of feature extraction algorithm, the improvement and automation of pre-processing and results verification. For the informal and temporary dwellings extraction purpose the high quality of data has to be ensured. The pre-processing has been extended by including the input data hierarchy level assignment and data fusion method selection and evaluation. The feature extraction algorithm follows the procedure presented in Jenerowicz, M., Kemper, T., 2011. Optical data are analysed in a cyclic approach comprising image segmentation, geometrical, textural and spectral class modeling aiming at camp area identification. The successive steps of morphological processing have been combined in a one stand-alone application for automatic dwellings detection and enumeration. Actively implemented, these approaches can provide a reliable and consistent results, independent of the imaging satellite type and different study sites location, providing decision support in emergency response for the humanitarian community like United Nations, European Union and Non-Governmental relief organizations.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 October 2016
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 10008, Remote Sensing Technologies and Applications in Urban Environments, 100080O (26 October 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2254808
Show Author Affiliations
Małgorzata Jenerowicz, Space Research Ctr. (Poland)
Thomas Kemper, European Commission Joint Research Ctr. (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10008:
Remote Sensing Technologies and Applications in Urban Environments
Thilo Erbertseder; Thomas Esch; Nektarios Chrysoulakis, Editor(s)

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