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Proceedings Paper

Automatic detection of measurement points for non-contact vibrometer-based diagnosis of cardiac arrhythmias
Author(s): Jürgen Metzler; Kristian Kroschel; Dieter Willersinn
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Paper Abstract

Monitoring of the heart rhythm is the cornerstone of the diagnosis of cardiac arrhythmias. It is done by means of electrocardiography which relies on electrodes attached to the skin of the patient. We present a new system approach based on the so-called vibrocardiogram that allows an automatic non-contact registration of the heart rhythm. Because of the contactless principle, the technique offers potential application advantages in medical fields like emergency medicine (burn patient) or premature baby care where adhesive electrodes are not easily applicable. A laser-based, mobile, contactless vibrometer for on-site diagnostics that works with the principle of laser Doppler vibrometry allows the acquisition of vital functions in form of a vibrocardiogram. Preliminary clinical studies at the Klinikum Karlsruhe have shown that the region around the carotid artery and the chest region are appropriate therefore. However, the challenge is to find a suitable measurement point in these parts of the body that differs from person to person due to e. g. physiological properties of the skin. Therefore, we propose a new Microsoft Kinect-based approach. When a suitable measurement area on the appropriate parts of the body are detected by processing the Kinect data, the vibrometer is automatically aligned on an initial location within this area. Then, vibrocardiograms on different locations within this area are successively acquired until a sufficient measuring quality is achieved. This optimal location is found by exploiting the autocorrelation function.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 March 2017
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 10135, Medical Imaging 2017: Image-Guided Procedures, Robotic Interventions, and Modeling, 101351S (3 March 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2253654
Show Author Affiliations
Jürgen Metzler, Fraunhofer-Institut für Optronik, Systemtechnik und Bildauswertung (Germany)
Kristian Kroschel, Fraunhofer-Institut für Optronik, Systemtechnik und Bildauswertung (Germany)
Dieter Willersinn, Fraunhofer-Institut für Optronik, Systemtechnik und Bildauswertung (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10135:
Medical Imaging 2017: Image-Guided Procedures, Robotic Interventions, and Modeling
Robert J. Webster III; Baowei Fei, Editor(s)

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