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Proceedings Paper

Clinical applications of high-speed blood flow measurements with diffuse correlation spectroscopy
Author(s): Ashwin B. Parthasarathy; Wesley B. Baker; Kimberly Gannon; Michael T. Mullen; John A. Detre; Arjun G. Yodh
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Paper Abstract

Diffuse Correlation Spectroscopy (DCS) is an increasingly popular non-invasive optical technique to clinically measure deep tissue blood flow, albeit at slow measurement rates of 0.5-1 Hz. We recently reported the development of a new ‘fast’ DCS instrument that continuously measures blood flow at 50-100 Hz (simultaneously from 8 channels), using conventional DCS sources/detectors, and optimized software computations. A particularly interesting result was our ability to optically record pulsatile micro-vascular blood flow waveforms, and therein readily identify high frequency features such as the dicrotic notch. Here, we showcase the utility and potential of high-speed measurements of blood flow (and arterial blood pressure) in a few clinical applications. First, we employ the fast-DCS instrumentation to measure cerebral autoregulation (CVAR) dynamics. Cerebral autoregulation refers to the mechanism by which cerebral blood flow (CBF) is maintained during fluctuations in blood pressure; CVAR is impaired in the injured brain. We derive an index of autoregulation by measuring the rates of decrease (and recovery) of blood flow and blood pressure following a sudden, induced change in systemic blood pressure (e.g., bilateral thigh cuff deflation). Our pilot experiments in healthy volunteers show that DCS measured rates of micro-vascular regulation are comparable to conventional large vessel regulatory metrics (e.g., measured with transcranial Doppler ultrasound). Second, we utilized pulsatile blood flow oscillations in cerebral arteries to estimate the critical closing pressure (CrCP), i.e., the arterial blood pressure at which CBF approaches zero. Pilot experiments in healthy subjects show good agreement between CrCP measured with DCS and transcranial Doppler ultrasound.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 February 2017
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 10059, Optical Tomography and Spectroscopy of Tissue XII, 1005905 (17 February 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2253488
Show Author Affiliations
Ashwin B. Parthasarathy, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Univ. of South Florida (United States)
Wesley B. Baker, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Kimberly Gannon, Hospital of the Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Michael T. Mullen, Hospital of the Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
John A. Detre, Hospital of the Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Arjun G. Yodh, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10059:
Optical Tomography and Spectroscopy of Tissue XII
Bruce J. Tromberg; Arjun G. Yodh; Eva Marie Sevick-Muraca; Robert R. Alfano, Editor(s)

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