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Proceedings Paper

Electro-optic modulation of high-Q lithium niobate whispering gallery resonator with integrated ground plane (Conference Presentation)
Author(s): Kenneth Douglas; Jeremy Moore; Thomas Friedman; Matthew Eichenfield

Paper Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate electro-optic modulation in thin film lithium niobate microdisk resonators with an integrated bottom electrode fabricated from a z-cut Lithium Niobate on Insulator wafer. The structure consisted of a 400nm thick crystalline z-cut lithium niobate/2um SiO2/20nm Cr/100nm Au/10nm Cr film stack on top of a z-cut lithium niobate handle wafer. The integrated bottom electrode is located 2um beneath the resonator. This proximity, coupled with positioning an electrical probe close to the top of the resonator, allows large optical frequency shifts with low voltages. We observed a 0.111pm/V resonance shift of vertically polarized (TM) optical whispering gallery modes, with the voltage applied perpendicular to the wafer surface. This corresponds to a shift of one optical linewidth at an applied voltage of 180V, using the r33 component of the eletro-optic tensor. We observed a smaller shift of 0.066pm/V for the radially polarized (TE) modes, using the r13 component of the electro-optic tensor. The experiment was performed using a 1550nm tunable laser that was coupled to the optical resonator modes using a tapered optical fiber. To measure the electro-optic shift of the resonance, a voltage was applied across the device via DC probe tips and the peak shift was calibrated with a Toptica WS6 IR wavemeter with 200 MHz absolute accuracy. We also present a finite element model that accurately predicts the resonance shift as a function of applied voltage for both polarizations.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 June 2017
PDF: 1 pages
Proc. SPIE 10116, MOEMS and Miniaturized Systems XVI, 101160F (2 June 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2253015
Show Author Affiliations
Kenneth Douglas, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
The Univ. of New Mexico (United States)
Jeremy Moore, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Thomas Friedman, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Matthew Eichenfield, Sandia National Labs. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10116:
MOEMS and Miniaturized Systems XVI
Wibool Piyawattanametha; Yong-Hwa Park, Editor(s)

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