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Proceedings Paper

Mode control in photonic crystal surface emitting lasers (PCSELs) through in-plane feedback (Conference Presentation)
Author(s): Richard J. E. Taylor; Guangrui Li; Pavlo Ivanov; David T. D. Childs; Ben J. Stevens; Nasser Babazadeh; Olesya Ignatova; Richard A. Hogg

Paper Abstract

All-semiconductor photonic crystal surface-emitting lasers (PCSELs) operating in CW mode at room temperature and coherently coupled arrays of these lasers are reviewed. These PCSELs are grown via MOVPE on GaAs substrates and include QW active elements and GaAs/InGaP photonic crystal (PC) layer situated above this active zone.

Atoms of triangular shapes have been shown to increase optical power from the PCSEL but are also shown to result in a competition between lasing modes. Simulation shows that the energy splitting of lasing modes is smaller for triangular atoms, than for circles making high power single-mode devices difficult to achieve.

In this work we experimentally investigate the effect of lateral optical feedback introduced by a facet cleave along one or two perpendicular PCSEL edges. This cleavage plane is misaligned to the PC resulting in a periodic variation of facet phase along the side of the device.

Results confirm that a single cleave selects the lowest threshold 2D lasing mode, resulting in a ~20% reduction in threshold current and favours single-mode emission. The addition of a second cleave at right-angles to the first has no significant effect upon threshold current.

The virgin device is shown to have a symmetric far-field (1 degree) whilst a single cleave produces a 1 degree divergence perpendicular to cleave and 5 degree parallel to cleave. The second orthogonal cleave results in the far field becoming symmetric again but with a divergence angle of 1 degree indicating that single-mode lasing is supported over a wider area.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 April 2017
PDF: 1 pages
Proc. SPIE 10090, Laser Resonators, Microresonators, and Beam Control XIX, 100900L (21 April 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2252331
Show Author Affiliations
Richard J. E. Taylor, The Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
Guangrui Li, Univ. of Glasgow (United Kingdom)
Pavlo Ivanov, Univ. of Glasgow (United Kingdom)
David T. D. Childs, Univ. of Glasgow (United Kingdom)
Ben J. Stevens, The Univ. of Sheffield (United Kingdom)
Nasser Babazadeh, Univ. of Glasgow (United Kingdom)
Olesya Ignatova, Univ. of Glasgow (United Kingdom)
Richard A. Hogg, Univ. of Glasgow (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10090:
Laser Resonators, Microresonators, and Beam Control XIX
Alexis V. Kudryashov; Alan H. Paxton; Vladimir S. Ilchenko, Editor(s)

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