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Proceedings Paper

Laser assisted robotic surgery in cornea transplantation
Author(s): Francesca Rossi; Filippo Micheletti; Giada Magni; Roberto Pini; Luca Menabuoni; Fabio Leoni; Bernardo Magnani
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Paper Abstract

Robotic surgery is a reality in several surgical fields, such as in gastrointestinal surgery. In ophthalmic surgery the required high spatial precision is limiting the application of robotic system, and even if several attempts have been designed in the last 10 years, only some application in retinal surgery were tested in animal models. The combination of photonics and robotics can really open new frontiers in minimally invasive surgery, improving the precision, reducing tremor, amplifying scale of motion, and automating the procedure. In this manuscript we present the preliminary results in developing a vision guided robotic platform for laser-assisted anterior eye surgery. The robotic console is composed by a robotic arm equipped with an "end effector" designed to deliver laser light to the anterior corneal surface. The main intended application is for laser welding of corneal tissue in laser assisted penetrating keratoplasty and endothelial keratoplasty. The console is equipped with an integrated vision system. The experiment originates from a clear medical demand in order to improve the efficacy of different surgical procedures: when the prototype will be optimized, other surgical areas will be included in its application, such as neurosurgery, urology and spinal surgery.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 March 2017
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 10056, Design and Quality for Biomedical Technologies X, 100560T (14 March 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2252126
Show Author Affiliations
Francesca Rossi, Institute of Applied Physics, CNR (Italy)
Filippo Micheletti, Institute of Applied Physics, CNR (Italy)
Giada Magni, Institute of Applied Physics, CNR (Italy)
Roberto Pini, Institute of Applied Physics, CNR (Italy)
Luca Menabuoni, U.O. Oculistica, Nuovo Ospedale S. Stefano (Italy)
Fabio Leoni, Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, The BioRobotic Institute (Italy)
Fastenica srl (Italy)
Bernardo Magnani, Ekymed srl (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10056:
Design and Quality for Biomedical Technologies X
Ramesh Raghavachari; Rongguang Liang, Editor(s)

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