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Proceedings Paper

Fast wavefront optimization for focusing through biological tissue (Conference Presentation)
Author(s): Baptiste Blochet; Laurent Bourdieu; Sylvain Gigan

Paper Abstract

The propagation of light in biological tissues is rapidly dominated by multiple scattering: ballistic light is exponentially attenuated, which limits the penetration depth of conventional microscopy techniques. For coherent light, the recombination of the different scattered paths creates a complex interference: speckle. Recently, different wavefront shaping techniques have been developed to coherently manipulate the speckle. It opens the possibility to focus light through complex media and ultimately to image in them, provided however that the medium can be considered as stationary. We have studied the possibility to focus in and through time-varying biological tissues. Their intrinsic temporal dynamics creates a fast decorrelation of the speckle pattern. Therefore, focusing through biological tissues requires fast wavefront shaping devices, sensors and algorithms. We have investigated the use of a MEMS-based spatial light modulator (SLM) and a fast photodetector, combined with FPGA electronics to implement a closed-loop optimization. Our optimization process is just limited by the temporal dynamics of the SLM (200µs) and the computation time (45µs), thus corresponding to a rate of 4 kHz. To our knowledge, it’s the fastest closed loop optimization using phase modulators. We have studied the focusing through colloidal solutions of TiO2 particles in glycerol, allowing tunable temporal stability, and scattering properties similar to biological tissues. We have shown that our set-up fulfills the required characteristics (speed, enhancement) to focus through biological tissues. We are currently investigating the focusing through acute rat brain slices and the memory effect in dynamic scattering media.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 April 2017
PDF: 1 pages
Proc. SPIE 10073, Adaptive Optics and Wavefront Control for Biological Systems III, 100730T (24 April 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2251875
Show Author Affiliations
Baptiste Blochet, Lab. Kastler Brossel (France)
Institut de Biologie de l'École Normale Supérieure (France)
Laurent Bourdieu, Ecole Normale Supérieure (France)
Sylvain Gigan, Lab. Kastler Brossel (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10073:
Adaptive Optics and Wavefront Control for Biological Systems III
Thomas G. Bifano; Joel Kubby; Sylvain Gigan, Editor(s)

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