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Proceedings Paper

Strain-compensated Ga(AsP)/Ga(AsBi)/Ga(AsP) quantum-well active-region lasers (Conference Presentation)
Author(s): Honghyuk Kim; Yingxin Guan; Kamran Forghani; Thomas F. Kuech; Luke J. Mawst

Paper Abstract

Ga(AsBi) quantum well (QW) active regions are an alternate to dilute-nitride QWs for achieving lasers in the telecom wavelength regions (λ~1.3-1.55μm) on GaAs substrates. Ludewig et al first reported the successful operation of Ga(AsBi) single quantum well laser in 2013 [1] with low threshold current densities, Jth=1.56kA/cm2 where (AlGa)As was used as a barrier material for low Bi-content QWs to improve the electron confinement in the conduction band and reduce thermally activated carrier leakage from the QW. We implement here the use of tensile-strained Ga(AsP) as a QW barrier material, providing carrier confinement as well as potential for strain-balancing. Laser structures employing a single GaAs0.976Bi0.024 quantum well (SQW) with either GaAs0.8P0.2, Al0.15Ga0.85As, or GaAs barrier materials were grown by MOVPE on a nominally singular (001) GaAs substrate Ridge waveguide lasers, 25μm-wide and 1mm-long ridge, were fabricated and characterized under pulsed current conditions. The threshold current densities for devices are 5.9kA/cm2 and 5.8kA/cm2 for GaAsP barriers and Al0.15Ga0.85As barriers respectively, with a lasing wavelength of 960nm. Devices with GaAs barriers only lased at higher currents for a short wavelength transition ~900nm. While threshold currents are relatively high, no post growth thermal annealing was performed on these laser materials. Thermal annealing studies will be presented indicating significant improvement in QW luminescence and reduction in Jth can be achieved after the post-growth in-situ annealing. [1] Ludewig, P., Knaub, N., Hossain, N., Reinhard, S., Nattermann, L., Marko, I. P., and Volz, K. 2013. Appl. Phys. Lett., 102(24), 242115.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 April 2017
PDF: 1 pages
Proc. SPIE 10123, Novel In-Plane Semiconductor Lasers XVI, 1012304 (20 April 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2251708
Show Author Affiliations
Honghyuk Kim, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison (United States)
Yingxin Guan, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison (United States)
Kamran Forghani, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison (United States)
Thomas F. Kuech, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison (United States)
Luke J. Mawst, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10123:
Novel In-Plane Semiconductor Lasers XVI
Alexey A. Belyanin; Peter M. Smowton, Editor(s)

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