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Proceedings Paper

Polarization-free integrated gallium-nitride photonics
Author(s): C. Bayram; R. Liu
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Paper Abstract

Gallium Nitride (GaN) materials are the backbone of emerging solid state lighting. To date, GaN research has been primarily focused on hexagonal phase devices due to the natural crystallization. This approach limits the output power and efficiency of LEDs, particularly in the green spectrum. However, GaN can also be engineered to be in cubic phase. Cubic GaN has a lower bandgap (~200 meV) than hexagonal GaN that enables green LEDs much easily. Besides, cubic GaN has more isotropic properties (smaller effective masses, higher carrier mobility, higher doping efficiency, and higher optical gain than hexagonal GaN), and cleavage planes. Due to phase instability, however, cubic phase materials and devices have remained mostly unexplored. Here we review a new method of cubic phase GaN generation: Hexagonal-to-cubic phase transition, based on novel nano-patterning. We report a new crystallographic modelling of this hexagonal-to-cubic phase transition and systematically study the effects of nano-patterning on the GaN phase transition via transmission electron microscopy and electron backscatter diffraction experiments. In summary, silicon-integrated cubic phase GaN light emitters offer a unique opportunity for exploration in next generation photonics.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 January 2017
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 10111, Quantum Sensing and Nano Electronics and Photonics XIV, 101110Y (27 January 2017); doi: 10.1117/12.2251607
Show Author Affiliations
C. Bayram, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (United States)
R. Liu, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10111:
Quantum Sensing and Nano Electronics and Photonics XIV
Manijeh Razeghi, Editor(s)

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